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全面剖析园林景观假山假树的施工工艺

如今园林景观中的假山假树,技术已经做到如火纯清的地步了,很多假山假树可以以假乱真,给绿化,欣赏带来了更大的收益。达到这样的效果更施工工艺是离不开的,下面为大家简单介绍一下园林假山假树施工工艺。
Nowadays, the fake mountain fake trees in the garden landscape have been done as pure and pure, and many false mountain fake trees can be true, and bring more benefit to the greening and appreciation. To achieve this effect, more construction technology is inseparable, the following is a brief introduction to the garden rockery fake tree construction technology.
园林假山假树施工工艺常分为施工准备、分层施工、假山洞与假山磴道施工、艺术处理、营造园林植物等工序。
Garden rockery fake tree construction technology is often divided into construction preparation, layering construction, rockery cave and rockery road construction, art processing, construction of garden plants and other processes.
1、施工准备施工前应由设计单位提供完整的假山叠石工程施工图及必要的文字说明,并进行设计交底和 书面签字。施工单位应勘察现场、理解设计意图以后,根 据设计要求准备石料、灰料和有关机具。施工前需先对 现场石料反复观察,区别不同质色、形纹和体量,分类放置,并按有关规定检查起重机具的安全性。
1. Before the construction is ready for construction, the design unit should provide the complete construction drawings of the rockery stack and the necessary text instructions by the design unit, and carry out the design and the written signature. The construction unit shall, after surveying the site and understanding the design intent, prepare stones, grey materials and related machinery and equipment according to the design requirements. Before construction, it is necessary to observe the stone material repeatedly before the construction, to distinguish the different quality color, shape and body volume, and to classify the material in classification, and to check the safety of the lifting machine according to the relevant regulations.
2、分层施工假山分层施工是假山施工的关键,其 工艺流程如下放线挖槽—基础施工—拉底—起脚—中 层施工—扫缝—收顶—收脚。首先,要根据设计图纸的 位置和形状在地面上放出假山的外形形状,基础施工比 假山的外形要宽,放线时应根据设计适当放宽。挖槽的 深度与范围按照图纸的要求来进行。基础是保证假山稳 定和艺术造型的前提,必须根据地质报告进行设计和施工。
2, stratified construction of layered construction is the key of rockery construction, and its process flow is as follows: laying line and Dredging - foundation construction - bottom - bottom - starting - middle level construction - sweeping seam - collecting foot. First, the shape of the rockery should be released on the ground according to the position and shape of the design drawings. The basic construction is wider than the shape of the rockery, and the layout should be relaxed according to the design. The depth and scope of the trenching are carried out according to the requirements of the drawing. The foundation is the premise to ensure the stability of the rockery and the artistic form, and the design and construction must be carried out according to the geological report.
3、施工方式有3种:一种是以木粧或混凝土粧打入土 中作为基础,粧顶面的直径约为10_15cm,粧边至粧边 的距离约为20cm,宽度根据假山底角的宽度而定。一种 是灰土基础,有比较好的凝固条件,一旦凝固便不透水, 可以减少土壤冻胀带来的破坏,灰土基础的宽度应比假 山底面的宽度宽约0.5m。另一种比较常用的是混凝土 基础,其优点是耐压强度大,施工进度快,做法是基槽夯 实后直接浇灌混凝土,混凝土一般为厚10cm C10砼垫 层,20cm厚C30基础,水中约为30cm。对于大型假山, 可以采用钢筋混凝土以确保基础牢固。拉底是指基础上 铺置底层的自然山石,要求有足够的耐压强度。技术 要求是:结合考虑,统筹安排;错落有致,连接不断紧连 互咬,稳定结合。在垫底的石层上开始砌筑假山叫起脚, 可以采用点脚法、连脚法和块面脚法3种做法。中层施 工体量大,也是集中观赏的地方,是整个假山的主要 部分,是体现艺术手法的主要亮点。中层施工的要点概 括为适当分层,先内后外;脉络相通,搭界合理;放稳粘 牢,辅助加固空透玲珑,造型自然。扫缝一般水平方向 勾明缝,在需要时将竖缝勾成暗缝,勾明缝务必不要宽, 不宜超过2cm。收顶即处理假山顶层的山石,一般分 为峰、峦、平顶3种类型。收脚就是用山石筑成山脚,是 在假山的上面部分山形山势大体施工完成后,于紧贴脚石外缘部分拼叠山脚,以弥补起脚造型的不足。
3, there are 3 types of Construction: one is based on wood makeup or concrete makeup, the diameter of the top surface is about 10_15cm, and the distance between the makeup edge and the makeup edge is about 20cm, and the width depends on the width of the bottom corner of the rockery. One kind is the foundation of lime soil, which has better solidification conditions. Once the solidification is not permeable, the damage of soil frost heave can be reduced. The width of lime soil foundation should be about 0.5m wider than the width of the bottom of the rockery. Another kind of concrete foundation is commonly used. Its advantages are high pressure strength and rapid construction progress. The practice is to pour concrete directly after ramming the base slot. The concrete is usually thick 10cm C10 concrete cushion, 20cm thick C30 foundation, and water about 30cm. For large rockery, reinforced concrete can be used to ensure the foundation is strong. Pull bottom means laying natural stones on the bottom, requiring adequate pressure strength. The technical requirements are: combined consideration, co-ordination arrangements, scattered and consistent, constantly linked to bite each other, stable combination. At the bottom of the stone layer, the masonry of the rockery is called foot raising, and 3 steps are adopted: the footwork method, the footwork method and the block surface method. The middle level construction is the largest and the most important part of the whole rockery. It is the main highlight of the artistic techniques. The main points of the middle level construction are summarized as follows: proper stratification, first and then outside; the same vein, reasonable boundary, stable and viscous, auxiliary reinforcement, exquisite and natural. The seam should be outlined in the horizontal direction. If necessary, the vertical seam should be drawn into a dark seam. The seam should not be wide enough to exceed 2cm. The top of the rockery is divided into 3 types: peak, ridge and flat top. The foot is built with mountain and stone to build the foot of the mountain. It is in the upper part of the Rocky Mountain. After the whole construction is completed, the foot is stacked on the outer edge of the foot to make up the deficiency of the shape of the foot.
济南假山制作
4、假山洞与假山磴道施工 假山洞结构形式一般分 为“梁筑式”、“挑梁式”、“圈拱式”应根据设计要求和需 要采用。磴道是水平空间与垂直空间联系中不可缺少的 重要构成部分,多采用石块叠置而成,磴道高度一般在 12~15cm,大不超过18cm。
4, the construction of rockery in the rockery and the rockery are generally divided into "beam building", "beam type" and "circle arch", which should be adopted according to the requirements and requirements of the design. It is an indispensable and important component of horizontal and vertical space, which is mostly made of stone. The height is generally in 12~15cm, and the maximum is not more than 18cm.
5、艺术处理 艺术处理的手法有着色、彩绘、打磨明 暗、贴金并通过技术处理使假山表面呈现粗犷、细腻、 龟裂、自然缝隙等真山效果的手法。
5, art processing art processing techniques are coloring, painting, polishing and shading, gold stickers and through technical treatment to make the rockery rough, delicate, crack, natural gap and other true mountain effects.
6、营造园林植物 营造园林植物按照设计要求进行 植物配置,做到疏密有致,层次分明,好的植物搭配手法 起到画龙点睛的效果。
6, building garden plants to build garden plants according to the design requirements of plant configuration, so as to achieve dense, clear level, good plant collocation techniques to play the finishing effect.
以上就是园林中假山假树施工工艺,在我们生活中的假山假树的逼真,跟我们设计师,施工者是密切相关的,相信我们假山假树的工艺会更上一层楼。
The above is the artificial mountain fake tree construction technology in the garden, the lifelike of the false mountain false tree in our life is closely related to our designers and the builders, and we believe that the craft of our false mountain false trees will be more advanced.
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