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假山盆景制作方法及制作技巧

假山盆景的制作工具:钢锯条、锤子、凿子、摄子、颜料、502胶水。制作材料:山石、山水盆一只、水泥少许、细砂少许、粘土、盆景植物、盆景摆件。
Production tools: rockery bonsai hammer, chisel, hacksaw blade, tweezers, paint, glue 502. Materials: stone, landscape, a basin of cement and sand, a little clay, bonsai plants, bonsai ornaments.
、设计立意
First, design conception
假山盆景的设计立意,实际上是一个确定意境,并构思、表达这个意境的过程,确定好制作假山盆景类型,依据构思,初步在沙盘中摆放出山体的形状(也可以在图纸上画出山体的大概形状)。
The design conception of rockery bonsai, is actually a determined mood, and the artistic conception and expression, to determine a good production of rockery bonsai type, according to preliminary ideas, put out the shape of mountains in the sandbox (you can also draw the general shape of mountain in the drawing).
第二、山石选材
Second, stone selection
山水盆景是山、石、草、树在盆盎中排列组合所构成的景观,山石材料是山水盆景创作的主要素材,山石种类繁多,大都从大自然中采掘而得,其质地、色泽、皴纹都具有天然本质。
Landscape bonsai is the mountain, stone, grass, tree arrangement constituted combination of landscape in the basin of Anglo, stone material is the main material of landscape bonsai creation, many kinds of rocks, mostly from nature and mining, the texture, color, texture has the natural essence.
选材时,首先要注意应根据石材的自然特征,确定其适合作那种自然景观的造型,如果选择的是一组皴纹直立简炼、形状长条、轮廓自然的砂积石为一盆盆景的素材时,肯定地说
Material, first note should be based on the characteristics of natural stone, determine the suitable for the natural landscape of the other, if the choice is a set of texture, shape, long erect concise natural sand stone outline into a bonsai material, say for sure
这些素材适宜作剑峰峻峭、高耸挺拔的造型景观,选材时要注意,素材的质地、种类、皴纹一定要统一,一盆盆景,好只用一种类别的素材,色彩不可差异太大。
These materials most suitable for steep towering Jianfeng other landscape, should pay attention to material, material type, texture, texture must be uniform, a bonsai, it's best to use a category of material, color can not be too big difference.
第三、山体轮廓的敲削
Third. The cutting of the mountain contour
当我们在制作一盆山水盆景进行选材时,首先要对石材的顶部轮廓线进行观察,引发构思,反复推敲,不论硬石、软石,在轮廓线排列起伏不明显时,都要对其进行敲削,使之起伏鲜明,富有节奏感。
When we make a landscape bonsai pot material, first of all to the top of the stone contour lines were observed, caused the idea, both hard and soft batted, stone stone, arranged in contour fluctuation is not obvious, all of the cut out, the ups and downs of bright, rich sense of rhythm.
第四、截锯与粘合
Fourth, cutting saw and adhesion
济南假山制作
多数时候,一块石材是不能构成一盆山水盆景完整画面的,因此要进行多块石材组合而形成景观。而石材一般都是天然未经加工的,因此必须根据景观要求进行对石材的锯截、连接和粘合,锯截石材用切割机或钢锯进行,也可用锤子敲断理平的方式进行。然后再用水泥或水泥兑色,或其他粘合剂粘接成形。
Most of the time, a piece of stone can not constitute a basin of landscape bonsai complete picture, so it is necessary to carry out a number of stone combinations to form a landscape. The stone is usually the natural unprocessed, therefore must be based on the requirements of landscape stone sawing, connection and bonding, stone sawing machine for cutting or hacksaw, also available hammer broken Richard flat way. Then cement or cement paste, or other adhesives bonding forming.
第六、粘合胶接假山
Sixth. Gluing the rockery
1、根据沙盘上设计的假山盆景,经过构思选用适当的树、石、山、草等素材,在盆盎空间中进行排列组合来完成这一立意。
1. According to the rockery bonsai designed on the sand table, through the conception, select the appropriate tree, stone, mountain, grass and other materials, arrange in the space of the basin to complete this idea.
2、根据具体的山、草、树、石的形状特点,生发某种立意,然后构思并运用这些山、石、草、树的形状特点,进行排列组合来完成某一景观和意境的构成。由于盆景景观构成受到具形素材的限制,因此这种立意构思方法是山石及各组合类盆景造型中普遍使用的一种构思结合制作的方式。
2, according to the specific characteristics of the mountain, grass, trees, stone shape, hair a conception, then the idea of shape features and use these mountains, stone, grass, trees, a combination to complete a landscape and artistic conception. Because the landscape structure of bonsai is limited by the shape material, the conception method is a kind of conception and making method commonly used in the rockery and the combination of bonsai.
假山盆景植物的种植方法:
Planting method of rockery potted plants:
1、青苔的种植方法:把采来的新鲜青苔剪碎,和泥浆拌在一起,糊在想要长青苔的地方,做完后盖上一块布,保持湿度,在气温条件适宜的情况下,一周后撤去覆盖物,经常喷水,青苔很容易养活。详情见本站的《塑石假山苔藓的种植方法》。
Planting method 1, Moss: gather the fresh moss and cut into pieces, and mud mix together, want to paste in the moss place finish, a piece of cloth on the back cover to maintain humidity in the air temperature condition is suitable, a week later removed the covering, often water, moss can easily feed. Details of the station "plastic stone rockery moss planting method".
以上文章来源于济南假山制作安装http://www.jnlaowang.com/
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