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假山石材如何选择?

在选择假山石材之前,首先得了解各类假山石材的特点、主要产地、形状以及价格。
Before choosing rockery stone, we must first understand the characteristics of all kinds of rockery stone, the main origin, shape and price.
大凡成功的假山著作无不从选石开端的。所谓的选石,除了对堆叠假山的石材品种的挑选之外,还包含对详细山石的巨细、外型、纹路、色泽、质地等的挑选(相石),因为假山的堆叠不可能找到与图纸描绘相一致的对应单石,因而相石掇山是假山著作成功的关键因素。
The successful works of rockery are all from the beginning of stone selection. Choose the so-called stone, in addition to the stacking rockery stone varieties selection, also contains details on the size, shape, rock texture, colour and texture selection (Xiang Shi), because the stack rockery could not find consistent with the corresponding single stone and drawings depicting, so the stones and hill is one of the key factors in the rockery successful work.
并非一切的山石都可堆叠假山,故从事假山之业者,必先深谙石性。通常传统所选的假山石料多以层积岩为主,综观江南地区的园林假山,尤以太湖石假山和黄石假山为多。
Not all rocks can be stacked rockery, so engaged in rockery industry, we must first understand the stone. Generally, the traditional rockery stones are mainly composed of laminated rocks, and the garden rockery in the south of the Yangtze River, especially in Taihu stone rockery and Huangshi rockery.
太湖石假山
Rockery in Taihu
黄石假山
Huangshi rockery
其他如产于广东英德的英石、江苏常州一带的斧劈石、安徽宣城、宁国一带的宣石等也常用于假而成山,但通常规划较小。
Others such as Guangdong produced in Germany, Jiangsu, Changzhou in the vicinity of the stone stone falls, Ningguo area Xuancheng, Anhui Xuan stone is also used to leave the mountain, but usually smaller planning.
斧劈石
Stone ax
宣石
Shi Xuan
如扬州个园的冬山即以宣石堆叠而成,其石色皎白,远远望去,俨然似积雪未消。
Such as the garden of Yangzhou winter hill to Xuan stone stacked stone, the color white, from afar, seems like snow did not disappear.
假山石料的选购:
Rockery stone purchase:
根据假山设计意图及设计方案所确定的石材种类。需要到山石的产地进行选购。在产地现场,通常需根据所能提供的石料的石质、大小、形态等,设想出那些石料可用于假山的何种部位,并要通盘考虑山石的形状与用量。 石料有新、旧、半新半旧之分。
According to the rockery design intention and design scheme of stone species determined. It is necessary to choose the place where rocks come from. In the production site, usually according to the stones can be provided, size, shape, etc., assume that those stones can be used for the rockery where the site, and should take into account the shape and amount of rocks. Stone new and old, half new points.
采自山坡的石料,由于暴露于地面.经长期的风吹、日晒、雨淋,自然风化程度深,属旧石,用来叠石造山,易取得古朴、自然的良 好效果。而从土中挖出的石料,需经长期风化剥蚀后,才能达到旧石的效果。有的石头一半露于地面,一半埋于地下,则为半新半旧之石。应尽量选购旧石,少用半新半旧之石,避免使用新石。
The stones from the hillside are exposed to the ground. After long time of wind blowing, sunshine and rain, the natural weathering degree is deep, which belongs to the old stone, and is used to fold the stone. It is easy to obtain the simple and natural good effect. But the stone excavated from the soil needs to be weathered and eroded for a long time to reach the effect of the old stone. Some of the stone half dew on the ground, half buried in the ground, is half new stone. We should try to buy the old stone, with half new stone, avoid the use of the new.
济南假山制作公司
高质量的假山石作品是从材料的选择开始。首先是对堆叠假山的石材种类的选择之外,其次是对具体山石的大小、造型、纹理、色泽、质地等的选择(相石),由于假山的堆叠不可能找到与图纸设计相一致的对应单石,因此相石掇山是假山作品成功的关键因素。下面小编为大家介绍假山石石材的选择标准。
High quality rockery stone works start from the choice of materials. The first is to choose the type of stacking rockery stone, followed by the specific size, shape, rock texture, colour and texture selection (Xiang Shi), because the stack rockery could not find consistent with design drawings of the corresponding single stone, so stone hills is a key factor in the success of false mountain works. The following is a brief introduction to the selection criteria of rockery stone.
1、具有动物等形象的石头或具有特殊纹理的石头为珍贵。
1, the stone with the image of animals or the stone with special texture is the most precious.
2、石形选择要选自然形态的,纯粹圆形或方形等几何形状的石头或经过机器打磨的石头均不为上品。
2, the choice of stone shape to choose natural form, pure circular or square geometry stones or polished stones are not the top grade.
3、造景选石时无论石材的质量高低,石种必须统一,不然会使局部与整体不协调,导致总体效果不伦不类,杂乱不堪。
Regardless of the quality of stone 3, landscape stone selection, the stone must be unified, or it will make local and overall coordination, which leads to the overall effect of neither fish nor fowl mess.
4、选石无贵贱之分,应该“是石堪堆”。就地取材,有地方特色的石材为可取。
4, choose the stone without distinction, should be worthy of stone pile". Local, local stone is the most desirable.
5、选择具有原始意味的石材。如:未经切割过,并显示出风化的痕迹的石头;被河流、海洋强烈冲击或侵蚀的石头;生有锈迹或苔藓的岩石。这样的石头能显示出平实、沉着的感觉。
5. Choose the stone with original meaning. Such as: stone without cutting and showing traces of weathering; rocks strongly impacted or eroded by rivers and oceans; rocks with rust or moss. This kind of stone can show a plain, calm feeling.
6、选佳的石料颜色:一般是蓝绿色、棕褐色、紫色或红色等柔和的色调。白色缺乏趣味性,金属色彩容易使人分心,应避免使用。
6, choose the best stone color: generally blue, green, brown, purple or red and other soft tones. White is lack of interest, metal color is easy to be distracted, should be avoided.
假山水池、瀑布的选石方法:
Stone selection method for rockery pool and waterfall:
首先我们要说的就是水池的设计,在水池当中的设计石材是重要的,大多采用的都是灵璧石,这种石质非常的有特点,有些比较像宝塔的形状,比较有规格,这也是按照这种环境进行匹配的,大家在水池内的选择就一定要按照这种选择来进行搭配才会有很好的效果。
First of all we have to say that the design of the pool, the design of stone in the pool is the most important, most are used in Lingbi stone, this stone is very characteristic, some more like a pagoda shape, compared with the specifications, which is in accordance with the environment, and everyone in the pool must choose in accordance with the selection of collocation will have a very good effect.
瀑布的设计就非常简单了,千层石的石材也同样有着不同的特色,有着姣好的层次感,在水流直下的时候就会有一种层次分明的感觉,看起来非常有美感,就像是仙境一样,这也是千层石的大特点,池内的水流不断奔腾,石质也展现了独有的特色。
The waterfall design is very simple, Qianceng stone stone also has different characteristics, have a good sense of hierarchy, there is a distinct feeling when will flow down, looks very aesthetic, is like a fairyland, this is the biggest characteristic of Melaleuca stone, pool the water constantly Pentium, but also show the unique characteristics of stone.
其实还有很多的设计,比如单纯的假山设计,太湖石就是一个很好的选择,看起来非常古朴,同样设计出的景象也是比较随和,让人看起来虽然不是很突出,但是却很显眼,一般来说这种石材的体型都是比较大的,在设计当中可能会有一些难度,但是重要的都是环境的搭配效果。
In fact, there are a lot of design, such as rockery design, Taihu stone is a good choice, looks very simple, the same design scene is relatively easy-going, let a person look though not very prominent, but very conspicuous, generally the stone size is relatively large, the design may be there will be some difficulty, but the most important is the environmental effect of collocation.
这些真石假山的设计重要的都是石材的选择,大家在理解到这一点的时候都会有一定的感触,大自然的神奇是我们无法参透的,只能去进行欣赏。
The design of these rockery really the most important thing is the choice of the stone material, to this point in understanding will have some feelings, the magic of nature is that we cannot fathom, only to enjoy.
以上文章来源于济南假山制作http://www.jnlaowang.com/
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