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假山设计造景中这些内容是不能忽视的?

一、选料:大型山石的制作,无论是硬质石料与软质石料、不论是吸水与不吸水,都要求做到石料统一,规格统一(块状或条状)。
First, material selection: large stone production, whether it is hard stone and soft stone, regardless of water absorption and non absorbent, require the unity of stone, specifications unified (block or strip).
二、筑池:叠山理水,筑池是理水的一种手段。水是山的血脉,有水则灵。水池的式样有多种。常见的是圆形,通常直径在5至10米,深度在80至120厘米;水深减除20厘米口沿,保持60厘米至100厘米;池底留有管道放水。
Two, build pool: rockery water, build pond is a means of water. Water is the lifeblood of the mountain, the water spirits. There are many different styles in the pond. Common round, usually 5 to 10 meters in diameter, depth of 80 to 120 cm; water depth of 20 cm away from the mouth, to maintain 60 centimeters to 100 centimeters; the bottom of the pool to drain water.
三、叠山:假山不论是多体的(组合式),或单体的(孤峰式);它都是由主体(主峰)客体(客峰)衬体(矮山)三部分构成的。
Three, Hill: rockery whether many body (combined), or monomer (isolated type); it is composed of a main object (peak) (off peak) lining body (short mountain) three parts.
济南假山制作
四、装饰:山体中的花草、流水、踏步等都属于装饰范畴。
Four, decoration: the mountains of flowers, flowing water, stepping and so on belong to the decorative category.
假山制作一般采纳国画中的高远法和深远法。高远法:主体应排在前面左侧或右侧,若主体在左,客体即在右,形成开合式、一大一小、一高一矮、互相呼应。主峰挺拔险峻、后面山坡缓缓延伸,与后座衬体(远山)形断意连。主峰耸立面前,形成开门见山欲先藏的手法,使人感到境界越大,对中部的山水景色产生“可见而又看不清”的诱惑力,使游人必须再移步往前看个究竟。
Rockery generally adopts the lofty law and far-reaching method in traditional Chinese painting. Lofty Law: the main body should be placed in front of the left or right, if the main body in the left, the object is in the right, the formation of open and close, one big, one small, one high, one short, echoing each other. The main peak is high and precipitous, and the back slope extends slowly, and it is connected with the back seat liner (Yuan Shan). The main peak stands in front of the formation to hide way straight to the point, make people feel more "realm, visible and invisible" allure to the central landscape, so that visitors have to move forward and see.
深远法:主体的高度比例和高远法相同,其位置应排在中部左侧或右侧,客体摆在前面右侧或左侧。主客体一个错前,一个错后,遥相呼应,衬体在后。单体景物的多层结构,构成近(客体)中(主体)远(衬体)景的各体层次,从而加强了正面的透视感,增加了景观的深度。山体总面积一般不超过水面的一半或少于一半。
Far reaching law: the height proportion of the subject is the same as that of the lofty law, and the position should be placed on the left or right of the middle, and the object is placed on the right or left of the front. The object of a mistake, a mistake, echoed in the lining of the body after. The multi layer structure of a single object forms the body level of the near (object) (the main) far (lining) scene, thus enhancing the positive perspective and increasing the depth of the landscape. The total area of the mountain is generally no more than half or less than the surface of the water.
这样,留下足够的空白,给欣赏者留下联想与想象的空间,达到“此处无景胜有景”“虚中见实”的效果。“山借树为衣,树以山为骨”,只有合理配置植物,山水才能有骨有肉,有形有神。通常选用姿态优美,叶小常绿,生长不旺,寿命很长,适应性强的植物。悬崖式假山应植些垂挂类植物。
So, leave enough space, give people left Association and imagination, achieve "scenery here without a king" in virtual "see" effect. "Mountains borrow trees for clothes, trees take mountains as bones", only reasonable allocation of plants, mountains and rivers in order to have bones and meat, visible god. Usually the graceful, Xiaochang leaves green, growing, long life, strong adaptability of plants. Cliff like rockery should be planted with some hanging plants.
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This article from Ji'nan rockery production, finishing, release, you are not to understand these contents? More content please click: http://www.jnlaowang.com, we will have more wonderful content, you check
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