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人工塑石假山结构布局标准特点

一、结构完整
First, the integrity of the structure
主山(或主峰) 的位置虽然不一定要布置在假山区的中部地带,但却一定要在假山山系结构核心的位置上。主山位置也不宜在山系的正中,而应当偏于一侧,以避免山系平面布局呈现对称状态。
The main mountain (or peak) position although not necessarily arranged in the false mountain middle zone, but it must be in the core position of mountain rockery structure. The main mountain in the mountains of the middle position is not, but should be partial to one side, to avoid the mountain layout symmetric state.
主山、主峰的高度及体量,一般应比第二山峰高,以充分突出主山、主峰的主体地位,做到主次分明。另外,山的形状、大小、高低必须有变化,高低错落,参差不齐;山腰线要流畅,左右要有变化,一边坡度陡,一边坡度缓,使山的造型形成一种动势;山脚要有回抱、曲折,线条要流利自如。
The height and volume of the main mountains and main peaks should be higher than those of the second peaks, so as to give prominence to the main position of the main mountains and main peaks, so as to make the primary and secondary peaks distinct. In addition, the mountain shape, size and height must change, the level of scattered, uneven; mountain waist should be smooth, about to change, while the slope is steep, steep mountain side, so that the shape of the formation of a movement; at the foot of the mountain to hold back, twists and turns, the lines should be fluent.
二、虚实相生
Two, virtual and reality
在假山艺术中,常用虚实对比的方法来突出假山的艺术境界。所谓艺术境界是指用园林假山所表现的假山真实景观(称为实境),来突出某种深远的意境(称为虚境)。叠山置石十分讲究内收而后突兀的形态,以山洞取“虚”得其深远,后突取“实”得其造险。假山艺术是由模仿真实的自然山体而逐渐发展开来。“虽有人造,宛自天开”是人造假山艺术的高境界。因此,假山艺术是人工与自然的和谐相生,在“真中有假,以假乱真”中体现虚实相生的意境。
In the art of rockery, the contrast between the actual and the false is used to highlight the artistic realm of the rockery. The so-called artistic realm refers to the real landscape of the rockery (called reality) displayed by the rockery, which highlights some far-reaching artistic conception (called "virtual environment"). Stacked hill stone, very particular about the adduction and then abrupt shape, to cave to "virtual", its far-reaching, after the sudden take "real" its insurance. Rockery art is developed by imitating the real natural mountain. "Although there are man-made, Wan from heaven to open" is the highest level of artificial rockery art. Therefore, rockery art is the harmony between man and nature, and in the "true", "false", "genuine" and "genuine", it reflects the artistic conception of "both the true and the false".
一、结构完整
First, the integrity of the structure
主山(或主峰) 的位置虽然不一定要布置在假山区的中部地带,但却一定要在假山山系结构核心的位置上。主山位置也不宜在山系的正中,而应当偏于一侧,以避免山系平面布局呈现对称状态。
The main mountain (or peak) position although not necessarily arranged in the false mountain middle zone, but it must be in the core position of mountain rockery structure. The main mountain in the mountains of the middle position is not, but should be partial to one side, to avoid the mountain layout symmetric state.
主山、主峰的高度及体量,一般应比第二山峰高,以充分突出主山、主峰的主体地位,做到主次分明。另外,山的形状、大小、高低必须有变化,高低错落,参差不齐;山腰线要流畅,左右要有变化,一边坡度陡,一边坡度缓,使山的造型形成一种动势;山脚要有回抱、曲折,线条要流利自如。
The height and volume of the main mountains and main peaks should be higher than those of the second peaks, so as to give prominence to the main position of the main mountains and main peaks, so as to make the primary and secondary peaks distinct. In addition, the mountain shape, size and height must change, the level of scattered, uneven; mountain waist should be smooth, about to change, while the slope is steep, steep mountain side, so that the shape of the formation of a movement; at the foot of the mountain to hold back, twists and turns, the lines should be fluent.
二、虚实相生
Two, virtual and reality
在假山艺术中,常用虚实对比的方法来突出假山的艺术境界。所谓艺术境界是指用园林假山所表现的假山真实景观(称为实境),来突出某种深远的意境(称为虚境)。叠山置石十分讲究内收而后突兀的形态,以山洞取“虚”得其深远,后突取“实”得其造险。假山艺术是由模仿真实的自然山体而逐渐发展开来。“虽有人造,宛自天开”是人造假山艺术的高境界。因此,假山艺术是人工与自然的和谐相生,在“真中有假,以假乱真”中体现虚实相生的意境。
In the art of rockery, the contrast between the actual and the false is used to highlight the artistic realm of the rockery. The so-called artistic realm refers to the real landscape of the rockery (called reality) displayed by the rockery, which highlights some far-reaching artistic conception (called "virtual environment"). Stacked hill stone, very particular about the adduction and then abrupt shape, to cave to "virtual", its far-reaching, after the sudden take "real" its insurance. Rockery art is developed by imitating the real natural mountain. "Although there are man-made, Wan from heaven to open" is the highest level of artificial rockery art. Therefore, rockery art is the harmony between man and nature, and in the "true", "false", "genuine" and "genuine", it reflects the artistic conception of "both the true and the false".
济南假山制作
四、以小见大
Four, the child is father of the man
叠山置石,令人产生身临其境之感,得益于师法自然。叠山置石在造园中,山、石是营造景观不可缺少的载体。人们立足于山脚仰视高山,视线受到阻碍,只能看到眼前山体的局部。这时,虽不见整体景观却依然感受到雄伟壮丽,浮想联翩。
Rockery stone, is personally on the scene feeling, thanks to nature. Rockery in the garden, the mountains and stones are indispensable to build the landscape carrier. People based on the foot of the mountain, looking up the mountain, the sight is hindered, can only see the local mountain. At this time, although you can not see the whole landscape still feel the magnificent, fall into a reverie.
本文由济南假山制作友情提供知识支持,更多的精彩内容请点击我们的官方网站: http://www.jnlaowang.com
This article from the Ji'nan rockery to make friendship, to provide knowledge support, more exciting content, please click on our official website: http://www.jnlaowang.com
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