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假山山脚施工技巧介绍

人工假山山脚施工是假山山体施工起始部分,其主要工作包括拉底、起脚和做脚.这三部分是紧密联系的.
The construction of artificial rockery foot is the starting part of rockery construction. Its main work includes bottom pulling, foot lifting and foot making. These three parts are closely related
所谓拉底,就是在山脚线范围内砌筑层山石,即做出垫底的山石层.拉底的方式和拉底山脚线的处理见下面的简述.
The so-called bottom pulling is to build the first layer of rock within the range of the foot line, that is to make the bottom rock layer. See the following brief description for the method of bottom pulling and the treatment of bottom line
一、拉底的方式
1、 The way to pull the bottom
假山拉底的方式有满拉底和周边拉底两种.
There are two ways of rockery bottom pulling: full bottom pulling and peripheral bottom pulling
1.满拉底是在山脚线的范围内用山石满铺一层.这种拉底的做法适宜规模较小、山底面积也较小的假山,或在北方冬季有冻胀破坏地方的假山.
This method is suitable for the rockery with small scale and small area at the bottom of the mountain, or in the north where frost heaving damage occurs in winter
2.周边拉底是先用山石在假山山脚沿线砌成一圈垫底石,再用乱石碎砖或泥土将石圈内全部填起来,压实后即成为垫底的假山底层.这一方式适合基底面积较大的大型假山.
2. Peripheral bottom pulling is to build a circle of bottom stones along the foot of rockery with rocks, and then fill all the stone circles with riprap bricks or soil. After compaction, it becomes the bottom of rockery. This method is suitable for large rockeries with large base area
济南假山制作
二、山脚线的处理
2、 Treatment of mountain foot line
1.露脚:即在地面上直接做起山底边线的垫脚石圈,使整个假山就象是放在地上似的.这种方式可以减少山石用量和用工量,但假山的山脚效果会梢差一些.
1. Exposed foot: that is to make a foot stone circle directly on the ground to make the whole rockery look like it is placed on the ground. This method can reduce the amount of rock and labor, but the effect of rockery foot will be worse
2.埋脚:是将山底周边垫底山石埋入土下约20厘米,可使整座假山看上去仿佛是从地下长出来似的.在边脚土中栽植花草后,假山与地面的结合就更加紧密、更加自然了.
2. Foot burying: it is to bury the rocks at the bottom of the mountain into the soil about 20 cm, so that the whole rockery looks like it grows out of the ground. After planting flowers and plants in the soil at the foot of the mountain, the combination of the rockery and the ground will be closer and more natural
三、技术要求
3、 Technical requirements
1、要注意选择适合的山石来做山底,不得用风化过度的松散的山石.
1. Attention should be paid to the selection of suitable rocks to do the bottom of the mountain
2、拉底的山石底部一定要垫平垫稳,保证不能摇动,以便于向上砌筑山体.
2. The bottom of the rock must be flat and stable to ensure that it can not be shaken, so as to build the mountain upward
3、拉底的石与石之间要紧连互咬.
3. The bottom of the stone and stone should be closely connected with each other
4、山石之间要不规则地断续相间,有断有连.
4. The rocks are intermittently intermittently and irregularly
5、拉底的边缘部分,要错落变化,使山脚弯曲时有不同的半径,凹进时有不同的凹深和凹陷宽度,要避免山脚的平直和浑圆形状.
5. The edge part of bottom drawing should be staggered, so that the foot of the mountain has different radius when bending, different concave depth and width when concave, and avoid the straight and round shape of the foot of the mountain
济南老王假山水景园林
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