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假山制作的立面设计才是关键

园林假山的关键在于空间的立面观赏,所以假山的立面设计才是假山造型设计的关键所在。 假山的立面造型必须以静力平衡为原则,即便是为了假山的艺术美,在其造型中出现不稳定感,但在结构力学上仍然必须做到按平衡分配法,获得静力平衡关系,以达到外形似不稳定中的内在平衡。具体而言,假山的立面设计应重体、面、线、纹等“三点”问题。
The key of the rockery lies in the vertical view of the space, so the facade design of the rockery is the key to the modeling design of the rockery. The facade modeling of rockery must be based on the principle of static balance. Even if it is for the artistic beauty of rockery, there is a sense of instability in its modeling, but in structural mechanics, it is still necessary to obtain the static balance relationship according to the balance distribution method, so as to achieve the internal balance in the appearance of instability. Specifically speaking, the facade design of rockery should pay attention to "three points" such as body, surface, line and grain.
体是指假山的体形,设除应充分考虑到视距与假山(被观赏景物)体量间的比例关系外,在具体的立面设,首先是它的体形,或高耸或平缓或巍峨或险峻,并对其山巅、山腰、山角等块体作出合理的布局和艺术处理,这方面的设计可充分借鉴中国传统山水画的画法来表达。
The body refers to the shape of a rockery. In addition to the proportional relationship between the sight distance and the volume of the rockery (to be watched), in the specific facade design, the first is its shape, which is high or gentle, or towering or precipitous, and the reasonable layout and artistic treatment of the mountain top, hillside, mountain corner and other blocks should be made. The design in this respect can fully learn from the traditional Chinese landscape The painting method to express.
面是指一座假山在空间立面上所呈现出来的平、曲、凹、凸、虚、实等观赏质感。立面设计切忌铜墙铁壁式的平直,而应该利用石块的大小、纹理、凹凸以及洞壑等显示出明暗对比,一般对整体立面的近山,常采取上凸、中凹、下直的手法来处理其面层结构;而如果是远山,则多用余脉坡脚,以体现其“远山审其势,近山观其质”。
Surface refers to the ornamental texture of a rockery on the spatial elevation, such as flat, curved, concave, convex, virtual and solid. The facade design should avoid the straightness of copper walls and iron walls, but should use the size, texture, concave and convex, holes and gullies of stones to show the contrast between light and shade. Generally, for the whole facade near the mountain, the methods of convex, concave and straight down are often adopted to deal with the surface structure; if it is a remote mountain, the foot of the residual vein is often used to reflect the "judging the potential from the far mountain and observing the quality near the mountain".
线是指整座假山的外形轮廓线或局部层次轮廓线的综合。如留园中部的主山,其塑造的是平远山水中的远山景象,所以采用了水平状起伏的局部层次轮廓线,以求与辽阔弥漫的水面相协调。
Line refers to the synthesis of the contour line of the whole rockery or the local level contour line. For example, the main mountain in the central part of Liuyuan garden is the scene of distant mountains in Pingyuan mountains and rivers. Therefore, the horizontal undulating local level contour line is adopted to coordinate with the vast and diffuse water surface.
济南老王假山水景园林
技术支持:济南诺商

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