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假山制作的发展历史的尝试

传统的假山制作多用砂、灰、石等材料,称为灰塑,我国岭南的园林早有灰塑假山的工艺,后来逐渐发展成为水泥塑石假山。现代园林的塑石假山一般使用水泥、混凝土、钢筋、有机树脂、GRC等材料,再在钢丝网骨架上根据山体造型和起伏变化、山势、岩石纹理来完成假山的制作和表面修饰,后通过上色来完成终作品。新材料、新技术的应用为设计者提供了更广阔的创作空间,是对传统假山制作的新的尝试。
The traditional rockery is made of sand, ash, stone and other materials, which is called plaster sculpture. In Lingnan Garden, the technology of plaster rockery was early developed, and then gradually developed into cement plastic stone rockery. The plastic rock rockery in modern garden generally uses cement, concrete, steel bar, organic resin, GRC and other materials. Then, the rockery is made and surface decorated on the steel mesh framework according to the mountain shape, undulation, mountain situation and rock texture, and the final work is finished by coloring. The application of new materials and new technologies provides a broader space for designers to create, which is a new attempt to make traditional rockery.
现代园林中塑石假山常见的有两种类型一是砖石结构的塑石假山,一类是钢筋骨架混凝土类塑石假山。水泥塑石假山的使用材料毕竟不是天然山石,也不是脱模于天然山石,无论是山体的气势、神韵还是石材纹理都不及天然的石质假山,水泥砂浆的表面易发生断裂,也容易褪色。随着科技的不断创新,新型假山材料的面料,在人山的山体表面的塑形和打造、表面修饰技术上有了很大的提升。
There are two common types of plastic rock rockery in modern gardens. One is masonry structure, the other is reinforced concrete. After all, the materials used in cement plastic rockery are not natural rocks, nor are they demoulded from natural rocks. The momentum, charm and stone texture of the mountain are not as good as those of natural stone rockeries. The surface of cement mortar is easy to fracture and fade. With the continuous innovation of science and technology, the fabric of new rockery materials has been greatly improved in the shaping and making of the mountain surface and the surface modification technology.


一般制作假山流水选择千层石、英石、吸水石,制作假山喷泉选择龟纹石、吸水石。
Generally, the production of rockery water select thousand layer stone, stone, water absorption stone, rockery fountain choose turtle grain stone, water absorption stone.
二、砌筑鱼池,砌筑鱼池一般都会采用普通红砖砌筑。鱼池需要多深,红砖就相应的砌多高。鱼池砌筑完以后,用水泥砂浆批上,批完以后,在水泥砂浆未干之前,把外层添上鹅卵石(注不需要添)。
2、 Masonry fish pond, masonry fish pond will generally use ordinary red brick masonry. As deep as the fish pond needs, the red brick should be built as high as possible. After the completion of the construction of the fish pond, the cement mortar shall be used to add pebbles to the outer layer before the cement mortar is dry.
三、刷防水粉,当水池基体砌筑完毕,并浇水保养24h后便可进行防漏施工,防水胶水在五金店都会有卖,用于混凝土的防水材料通常为防水粉和避水剂,水池基体砌筑完后的防漏方法是采用防水砂浆抹面,抹面要分两次进行,每次抹面层厚10mm左右,待第二次防水砂浆初凝时。要将其面压实抹光。
3、 The waterproof powder is applied. When the foundation of the pool is built and watered for 24h, the anti leakage construction can be carried out. The waterproof glue is sold in hardware stores. The waterproof materials used for concrete are usually waterproof powder and water repellent agent. The waterproof mortar plastering is used after the foundation of the pool is built. The plastering should be carried out in two times, with the thickness of each plastering layer about 10 mm, and the second waterproof sand When the pulp is initially set. The surface shall be compacted and troweled.
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