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制作假山之前需要考虑的问题有哪些?

制作假山之前应考虑周全,假山中所有山石的设计风格、色泽、颜色、纹路、多元性务必一致。但山型、尺寸、高矮务必有转变。高山高高低低,良莠不齐;半山腰线要顺畅,上下要有转变,一边倾斜度陡,一边倾斜度缓,使山的造型设计产生一种几何形;山脚下要有回抱、坎坷,线框要流利地轻松,以突显假山原水的绵软都是要考虑周全的问题。
The design style, color, color, pattern and diversity of all rocks in the rockery must be consistent. But the shape, size and height of the mountain must be changed. High mountains are high and low, good and bad are intermingled; the waist line at the middle of the mountain should be smooth, and the upper and lower slopes should be changed. One side of the slope should be steep and the other side should be gentle, so that the shape design of the mountain can produce a geometric shape; at the foot of the mountain, there should be embracing and bumpy, and the wire frame should be fluent and easy, so as to highlight the softness of the rockery raw water.
假山制作的疏密恰当疏密有致是指山石分布不可平均。在园林假山的造型设计合理布局中,山石皴纹、奇峰部位、绿色植物装点、搞笑小品配备等,必须保证疏密有致。一般 ,园林假山的峰顶一带是更密处,山石布局得密,花草树木种植得密;而在配峰一部分相对性较稀少。
The density of rockery production is appropriate and the density is consistent, which means that the distribution of rocks is uneven. In the reasonable layout of garden rockery design, we must ensure the density and uniformity of stone chapped lines, Qifeng parts, green plant decoration, funny pieces and so on. In general, the peak area of garden rockery is the most dense place, with dense stone layout and dense planting of flowers, plants and trees; however, there is less relativity in the part of the peak.
注重开合在园林假山的造型艺术造型设计中,开是起势,合是结束。立峰是开,坡脚是合;近山是开,群山是合。一般的园林假山合理布局全是由3至4个开合构成,开合的更替出現,能够使假山反映出节奏感律动。
Pay attention to opening and closing. In the plastic art design of garden rockery, opening is the beginning and closing is the end. The peak is open, the foot of the slope is close; near the mountain is open, the mountains are together. The general reasonable layout of garden rockery is composed of 3 to 4 openings and closures. The replacement of opening and closing can reflect the rhythm of rockery.
虚实相生在假山造型艺术中,虚实既指艺术境界,又指造型艺术的处理技巧。说白了艺术境界是指园林假山所表现出去的长远诗意(称之为虚境)和假山所产生的真正园林景观(称之为多媒体互动)。说白了虚实的表现手法是指园林假山所表现出去的虛空与确实。

In rockery plastic arts, virtual reality refers to both the artistic realm and the processing skills of plastic arts. The artistic realm refers to the long-term poetic expression of the rockery (called virtual environment) and the real landscape produced by rockery (called multimedia interaction). The expression of virtual and real refers to the emptiness and authenticity shown by the rockery.
露中有藏露中有藏是指园林假山能够展示出一个景外有景、景中情生的迷人界面,造就长远诗意。
There is hiding in the dew and hiding in the dew means that the rockery can show a charming interface with scenery outside the scene and emotion in the scene, and create a long-term poetic flavor.
空白处理空白在假山中常占室内空间的尺寸,对全部合理布局实际效果起着关键的功效。若想表现山色湖光、岛屿风景等主题时,空白宜大、山角处理宜简约;而表现重山峻岭,大峡谷艰险等主题时,则空白宜小些,山角处理也宜繁杂、变化多端。
Blank treatment in rockery often occupies the size of indoor space, which plays a key role in the actual effect of reasonable layout. If you want to show the theme of mountains, lakes, island scenery, etc., the blank should be large, and the treatment of mountain corners should be simple; when expressing the themes of heavy mountains and Grand Canyon, the blank should be smaller, and the treatment of mountain corners should be complex and changeable.
透視处理物块给人的觉得一直平行透视、近志存低、近宽远窄、近清远市迷,这种情况叫透視状况。依据透視状况,园林假山中的近景和主景宜清楚和实际;中景则主要表现山石的方面构造;发展前景则主要表现出地势和山型。
Perspective processing blocks give people the impression that they have always been parallel perspective, close to record low, near wide and far narrow, and near Qingyuan market puzzle, which is called perspective state. According to the perspective, the close view and main view of the garden rockery should be clear and practical; the middle view mainly shows the structure of rocks; the development prospect mainly shows the terrain and mountain type.
小中见大在园林假山中,仍以蜗牛精灵显示信息大山的雄壮;以小树苗显现出高山的壮阔;以小房子、小亭等反映山川的气势磅礴气魄。
In the garden rockery, the snail spirit is still used to show the majestic information of the mountain; the small saplings show the magnificence of the mountain; the small houses and pavilions reflect the majestic momentum of the mountains and rivers.
济南老王假山水景园林

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