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假山园林设计的注意细节方面

   在众多的园林景观假山工程之中,要数更吸引人目光的,当假山莫属。景观园林假山工程可以说是一个很熟悉的地方,可以让我们享受到不同的景致,就像是一幅山水画一样。无论其景观效果如何,它们都有着自身的许多优点。假山对于园林中的空间规划,或是对于绿化效果都是很好的,才使得假山成为了更受欢迎的一种景观装饰,室内(外)都能欣赏到它们靓丽的身影。
Among the numerous landscape rockery projects, rockery is the most attractive one. Landscape rockery project can be said to be a very familiar place, which can let us enjoy different scenery, just like a landscape painting. Regardless of their landscape effect, they have many advantages. Rockery is very good for the space planning in the garden, or for the greening effect, which makes rockery become a more popular landscape decoration, indoor (outdoor) can enjoy their beautiful figure.
假山施工需要注意的问题:
Problems to be noticed in rockery construction:
一、假山设计
1、 Rockery design
深化设计方案、制作假山模型或是假山效果图。依据客户要求及施工现场进行深化设计,绘制图纸,再依据图纸制作精细模型,根据模型运用数字扫描技术,制作施工图(结构图、各立面图、剖面图、平面图),确保施工过程尺寸比例准确、结构合理、安全可靠。
Deepen design scheme, make rockery model or rockery effect drawing. According to the customer's requirements and the construction site, the detailed design shall be carried out, the drawings shall be drawn, and then the fine model shall be made according to the drawings. According to the model, the digital scanning technology shall be used to make the construction drawings (structural drawings, elevation drawings, section drawings and plan drawings), so as to ensure that the size and proportion of the construction process are accurate, the structure is reasonable, safe and reliable.
二、假山内部钢筋结构安全处理
2、 Safety treatment of reinforcement structure in rockery
角钢与钢筋焊接制成的骨架是塑石假山的内部主体结构,同时也是支撑着整个的塑石假山的脊梁,所以牢固的钢结构是塑石假山使用年限寿命的根本。塑石假山的内部结构主要由接触面基础,钢结构,钢丝网三方面组成,任何一方面出了问题,都将影响塑石假山的整体结构的安全问题。在塑石假山内部结构的制作方面,我们要注意以下几点:
The frame welded by angle steel and steel bar is the main structure of plastic rock rockery, and also the backbone supporting the whole plastic rock rockery. Therefore, the solid steel structure is the fundamental of the service life of plastic rock rockery. The internal structure of plastic rock rockery is mainly composed of contact surface foundation, steel structure and steel wire mesh. If any problem occurs, it will affect the safety of the whole structure of plastic rock rockery. We should pay attention to the following points in the production of the internal structure of plastic rock rockery:
1、角钢和钢丝网采用镀锌为佳,并保证钢丝网完全覆盖在水泥里面,水泥塑石假山表面不能暴露出钢网。
1. Galvanized steel is preferred for angle steel and steel wire mesh, and the steel wire mesh shall be completely covered in the cement, and the surface of cement plastic stone rockery shall not be exposed.
2、做到水泥塑石假山接触面承受压力在20000P以上,受力点均匀(钢结构与受力点接触均匀)。
2. Make sure that the contact surface of the cement plastic rock rockery bears a pressure of more than 20000 P and the stress points are even (the contact between the steel structure and the stress points is even).
3、钢结构全都需要防锈处理,钢结构采用剪刀叉焊接,所有焊接点必须刷涂防锈漆。
3. All steel structures need antirust treatment. Steel structures are welded with scissor fork. All welding points must be painted with antirust paint.
三、塑石假山山体表面肌理处理
3、 Surface texture treatment of plastic rock rockery
1、水泥塑石假山像不像山,靠前点肯定是说山的形体,这需要项目经理或设计师或者美工等施工依据图纸的想像能力和假山施工经验积累。
1. The cement plastic rock rockery is not like a mountain. The front point must be the shape of the mountain. This requires the project manager or designer or the construction leader, such as the artist, to accumulate experience in rockery construction according to the imagination ability of the drawings.
2、近看塑石假山就要看假山的肌理了。施工过程中的雕、刻、擦、收等手法的综合运用很重要。水泥塑石假山的阳角要特别处理,阳角部位是参观者的着眼点,大型假山阳角的肌理要拉长,多采用刻的手法,使得整体凹凸感和层次感更强。
2. The texture of the rockery should be taken into consideration when you look at the rockery. The comprehensive application of carving, carving, erasing and collecting techniques in the construction process is very important. The external corner of the cement plastic stone rockery should be specially treated. The external corner is the eye spot of the visitors. The texture of the external corner of the large rockery should be elongated, and the carving method is often used to make the overall concave convex sense and the level sense stronger.
四、塑石假山着色和植物搭配
4、 Colouring and plant collocation of plastic stone rockery
1、假山的着色较主要的要求是持久和与周围环境相融合,考虑到水泥塑石假山大部分是暴露在阳光下的,因此假山耐侯性的要求是重重之重,推荐采用水性树脂高分子色浆或丙烯酸颜料加水性树脂乳液上色,能保持10年以上。
1, the main requirement of the coloring of the rockery is durable and integrated with the surrounding environment. Taking into account that most of the cement stone rockery is exposed to the sun, the requirement of the rockery's weathering resistance is heavy. It is recommended that the waterborne resin polymer pigment or acrylic pigment and waterborne resin emulsion can be used for color retention for more than 10 years.
2、水泥塑石假山应与周围自然环境相衔接,这里我们主要依靠栽种植物来修饰搭配了。各地可根据施工地的气候条件选择植物,在假山施工中提前预留植物槽,坑体深度要达到50CM以上。
2. The cement plastic rock rockery should be connected with the surrounding natural environment. Here we mainly rely on planting plants to decorate and match. Plants can be selected according to the climatic conditions of the construction site. Plant trough shall be reserved in advance during the rockery construction, and the pit depth shall be more than 50cm.
如今全国制作塑石假山的施工团队数不胜数,人工塑造石头的方法、石头表面纹理效果的处理手法各不相同,以及追求的表达方式不同造成塑石的效果千差万别,但是不管怎么变,制作出来的假山效果都需要达到几个要求:
Nowadays, there are countless construction teams making rockery in China. The methods of artificial stone molding, the treatment methods of stone surface texture effect are different, and the different expression methods are pursued, which result in the different effect of stone molding. However, no matter how, the rockery effect produced needs to meet several requirements:
注意事项:
matters needing attention:
1、塑石假山主体型体美观与否,主题鲜明、简洁、突出意境为上;
1. Whether the main body of the rockery is beautiful or not, the theme is clear, concise and artistic conception is prominent;
2、塑石假山局部细节的处理是否恰当、符合当地地质,地理环境、符合自然造物逻辑与否,这是逼真程度上的追求;
2. Whether the treatment of the local details of the plastic rock rockery is appropriate, in line with the local geology, geographical environment, in line with the logic of natural creation or not, is the pursuit of fidelity degree;
3、颜色处理是否接近当地自然环境,人文风情,自然逼真程度能够达到多少。
3. Whether the color treatment is close to the local natural environment, human customs and natural fidelity.
济南老王假山水景园林

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