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塑石假山与真石假山制作工艺的区别

在目前的假山界,假山主要分为塑石假山和真石假山,真石假山又称为园林假山,是采用自然界中的石料所跌造的假山,所用的石料有:黄石、千层石、龟纹石、太湖石、灵璧石等,真石假山制作有2000多年的历史。塑石假山则是采用现代材料仿制的人造假山,有水泥假山、玻璃钢假山、泡沫假山等。
At present, rockery is mainly divided into plastic rock rockery and real stone rockery. The real stone rockery, also known as garden rockery, is a kind of rockery made of natural stones. The stones used include: Yellowstone, thousand layer stone, tortoise grain stone, Taihu stone, Lingbi stone, etc. the real stone rockery has a history of more than 2000 years. Plastic rockery is an artificial rockery made of modern materials, including cement rockery, FRP rockery, foam rockery, etc.
真石假山的制作一般是叠石工艺,叠石是用许多小块山石料堆叠而成的具有自然山形的假山,叠石又分为两种类型,一种是仿人间物象的形体,重在传神,另一种是仿自然山体,将名山浓缩在园林中,重在气势。真石假山主要讲究的是寓意,比拟的范畴很大。塑石假山通过雕刻纹理和塑造山石的形状来仿造山石和山体,形状和纹理均与自然山川相似。真石假山给人的感觉就是“假山”,塑石假山的感觉更像“真山”。
The real stone rockery is usually made by stacking many small pieces of rock materials, which have natural mountain shape. There are two types of stacking stones: one is the imitation of human images, which focuses on the transmission of spirit; the other is the imitation of natural mountain, which concentrates the famous mountains in the garden and forest, focusing on momentum. The real stone rockery mainly pays attention to the implication, and the scope of comparison is very large. The shape and texture of the rockery are similar to the natural mountains and rivers. The real stone rockery gives people the feeling of "rockery", and the feeling of plastic rock rockery is more like "real mountain".
塑石假山可以仿造自然石料所堆砌的假山,在仿造具体石料的基础上,进一步仿造真石假山的叠石工艺,这在业内被称为塑石小品。
Plastic rock rockery can imitate the rockery built by natural stone. On the basis of imitating specific stone, further imitating the stacking technology of real stone rockery is called plastic stone sketch in the industry.
 
塑石假山还可以仿造自然界中的名石和名山.真石假山的制作工艺为叠石作山,塑石假山的制作工艺与雕塑工艺相近,在有参考图和设计图的基础上,通过塑石雕刻工艺塑山,塑石假山仿造的类型众多,素材也比较广泛。与真石假山相比,具有以下几个优势:
Stone rockery can also imitate famous stones and mountains in nature. The production process of real stone rockery is to build mountains by stacking stones. The production process of plastic rock rockery is similar to sculpture technology. On the basis of reference drawings and design drawings, there are many types of imitation and materials of plastic rock rockery through sculpture technology. Compared with the real stone rockery, it has the following advantages:
一,不受体型控制,塑石假山可以根据需求制作各种体量的“真山”,大到80米的山峰,小到0.5公分的石头小品,真石假山受制作工艺和石料的影响,不能制作过大的山体。
1、 Not subject to the shape control, the plastic rock rockery can produce various volumes of "real mountain" according to the demand, ranging from 80 meters of mountain peak to 0.5 cm small stone pieces. Due to the influence of production technology and stone materials, the real rock rockery can not be made too large.
二,不受环境影响,塑石假山内部可以为空心结构,整体质量较轻,真石假山所使用的石料质量均较重,制作的假山整体重量较重,对承载力小的环境则不适合,对基础的要求也较高,很多环境中不能使用,塑石假山则不受环境影响,随意塑造。
2、 It is not affected by the environment. The interior of plastic rock rockery can be hollow structure, and the overall quality is relatively light. The stone used in the real rock rockery is heavy, and the overall weight of the rockery is heavy, which is not suitable for the environment with small bearing capacity, and has higher requirements for the foundation. It can not be used in many environments. The plastic rock rockery is not affected by the environment and is shaped at will.
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