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如何施工假山基础?

假山基础的拉底是指用假山石做出假山景象底层山脚线的石砌层。拉底的办法:拉底的办法有满拉底和线拉底两种。满拉底是将山脚线规模之内用山石满铺一层。这种办法适用于规模数较小、山底面积不大的假山景象,或许有冻胀损坏的北方区域及有轰动损坏的区域。线拉底按山脚线的周边铺砌山石,而内空部分用乱石、碎砖、泥土等填补筑实。
The bottom pulling of the rockery foundation refers to the stone masonry layer which makes the bottom foot line of the rockery scene with the rockery stone. The way to pull the bottom: there are two ways to pull the bottom: full pull and line pull. Manladi is to lay a layer of rocks within the scale of the mountain foot line. This method is applicable to the rockery scene with small scale and small area at the bottom of the mountain, the northern area with frost heaving damage and the area with sensational damage. The bottom of the line shall be paved with rocks around the foot line, while the inner space shall be filled with rubbles, broken bricks, soil, etc.
济南假山制作
这种办法适用于底面较大的大型假山景象。拉底的技能要求:底脚石应挑选石质坚硬、不易风化的山石。每块山脚石有必要垫平垫实,用水泥砂浆将底脚空地灌实,不得有一点点摇动感。各山石之间要紧密咬合,相互衔接构成全体,以承托上面山体的荷载分布。拉底的边际要参差改变,避免做成平直和浑圆形状的脚线。
This method is suitable for large rockery with large bottom. Technical requirements for bottom pulling: the footstone shall be hard and hard rock, which is not easy to be weathered. It is necessary to level and compact each rock at the foot of the mountain, and fill the space at the foot with cement mortar, without any shaking. The rocks should be closely occluded and connected to form a whole to support the load distribution of the mountain above. The edge of the bottom should be changed to avoid making straight and round foot lines.
假山拉底之后,开端砌筑假山景观山体的首层山石层叫起脚。起脚边线的做法:起脚边线的做法常用的有:点脚法、连脚法和块面法。点脚法:即在山脚的边线上,用假山石每隔不同的间隔作墩点,用于片块状山石盖于其上,作成透空小窟窿。这种做法用一空透型假山景象的山脚。连脚法:即按山脚边线接连摆砌弯弯曲曲、高底崎岖的山脚石,构成全体的连线山脚线,这种做法各种山形都可采用。块面法:即用大块面的假山石,接连摆砌成大凸大凹的山脚线,使凸出凹进部分的全体感都很强,这种做法多用于造型宏伟的大型山体。
After the rockery is pulled to the bottom, the first layer of rock for the rockery landscape is called the starting point. Method of starting edge line: common methods of starting edge line include: point foot method, joint foot method and block face method. Point foot method: that is to say, on the sideline of the foot of the mountain, rockery is used as a pier point at different intervals, which is used to cover a block of mountain stone on it and make a small hole through the air. This approach uses an empty rockery scene at the foot of the mountain. Foot linking: that is, according to the foot line of the mountain, the foot stones are placed one after another to form the connecting foot line of the whole mountain. This method can be used for all kinds of mountain shapes. Block surface method: that is to say, the rockery with large surface is used to build a large convex and concave mountain foot line, so that the whole feeling of the convex and concave part is very strong. This method is mostly used for large mountain with magnificent shape.
总结:园林绿化工程中假山基础施工是一项重要且有必要的工程,而假山景象的规划和施工办法是各有差异,因此要塑造出天然漂亮的山石景象,一定要量体裁衣,考虑到当地文化背景和风俗习惯。只有以完善的施工技能为根底,严厉依照规划规则施工才能让人们更好的享用山之美、园林之美。
Summary: the construction of rockery foundation is an important and necessary project in the landscaping project, and the planning and construction methods of rockery scene are different. Therefore, to create a natural and beautiful landscape of mountains and stones, it is necessary to take into account the local cultural background and customs. Only based on perfect construction skills and strictly following the planning rules can people enjoy the beauty of mountains and gardens better.
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