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立体花坛造型的构成要素!

  立体花坛从方案设计、花卉生产、骨架加工到现场施工,是一个系统而复杂的工程,体现了高度的艺术性和科学性,它们构成的主要元素有:主题、骨架结构、花卉植物、喷灌技术、照明系统等。
  The three-dimensional flower bed is a systematic and complex project from scheme design, flower production, skeleton processing to on-site construction, which embodies a high degree of artistry and scientificity. Its main elements include: theme, skeleton structure, flower plants, sprinkler irrigation technology, lighting system, etc.
  1. 主题
  1. theme
  主题是立体花坛的灵魂,立体花坛在不同的环境、不同的场合表达不同的主题。例如,昆明世博会立体花坛代表“人与自然——迈向21世纪”;上海APEC花坛的主题是“人类的和平与合作”。天安门广场的国庆花坛是当年重大事件的反映,反映了鲜明的政治主题。
  The theme is the soul of the three-dimensional flower bed, which expresses different themes in different environments and different occasions. For example, the three-dimensional flower bed of Kunming World Expo represents "human and nature - towards the 21st century"; the theme of APEC flower bed in Shanghai is "peace and cooperation of human beings". The National Day flower bed in Tian'anmen Square is a reflection of the major events of that year, reflecting a distinct political theme.
  2. 骨架结构
  2. Skeleton structure
  立体花坛常用的框架有钢框架、塑料框架、木框结构等,根据花坛的形状、尺寸、重量、工艺等选择结构材料。
  Three dimensional flower bed commonly used frames are steel frame, plastic frame, wood frame structure, etc., according to the shape, size, weight, technology and other structural materials.
  (1)钢框架结构
  (1) Steel frame structure
  该钢框架结构具有可塑性强、牢度好、可组合可拆卸等优点,更适用于高、复杂、精细的三维花坛结构。以2000年加拿大蒙特利尔立体花坛博览会为例,许多精致的花坛都是由钢框架结构制成的,这说明工艺水平是完美的。国内常见的立体花坛大多是钢结构,如昆明世博园中的五大风格,如果没有坚固的钢框架,恐怕很难实现。北京大多数的固体床选用钢架结构,2002年天安门广场“未来”钢框架结构是更引人注目的花床,床是7.5米直径的主要特征镂空地球,只有一个空心管支撑结构,数以百计的喷灌和照明管道隐藏,体现花床高度的艺术和科学。
济南假山制作
  The steel frame structure has the advantages of strong plasticity, good fastness, combination and disassembly, which is most suitable for high, complex and fine three-dimensional flower bed structure. Taking the 2000 Montreal international flower bed Expo as an example, many exquisite flower beds are made of steel frame structure, which shows that the technology level is perfect. Most of the common three-dimensional flower beds in China are steel structures, such as the five styles in Kunming World Expo Park. If there is no solid steel frame, it may be difficult to achieve. Most of the solid beds in Beijing use steel frame structure. In 2002, the "future" steel frame structure of Tian'anmen Square is the most eye-catching flower bed. The bed is the main feature of 7.5m diameter hollow earth, with only one hollow tube support structure. Hundreds of sprinkler and lighting pipes are hidden, reflecting the art and science of flower bed height.
  (2)塑料骨架
  (2) Plastic skeleton
  塑料框架常用于各种小型立体花坛:如花球、花拱、花树、花菇等。塑料框架结构更方便,也可组合使用,并可重复使用,相比钢框架具有更大的灵活性。
  Plastic frame is often used in all kinds of small three-dimensional flower beds: flower ball, flower arch, flower tree, mushroom, etc. Plastic frame structure is more convenient, can also be used in combination, and can be reused, which has more flexibility than steel frame.
  (3)木框架结构
  (3) Wood frame structure
  传统的自然景观花坛造型多采用木构架结构,这种类型的选择要求不是很精细。例如,在自然景观花坛的建造中,常常使用木板来营造一个每层高度相等(一般是0.5米高的塔楼的一层)的像山一样的木框,然后将植物放置在不同的层次上,形成一个自然起伏的花山。天安门广场的传统花坛就是这样使用的。
  The traditional natural landscape flower bed modeling mostly uses the wood frame structure, this type of selection requirement is not very fine. For example, in the construction of natural landscape flower beds, wooden boards are often used to create a mountain like wooden frame with equal height (generally one floor of a 0.5m-high tower), and then plants are placed on different levels to form a natural undulating flower mountain. This is how the traditional flower beds in Tian'anmen Square are used.
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