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假山叠石在园林中的功能有哪些?

  在园林中:假山石、治水、建筑、树木被称为园林景观的四大要素。
  In the garden: rockery, water control, architecture, trees are called the four elements of the garden landscape.
  这四个元素相辅相成,形成了一个完美的艺术空间,但每个元素都有自己的生活方式和外在特征。假山技术在园林中,假山桩石组合。虽然它是人类的创造,但它就像天堂的艺术境界。人工美遵循自然美规律。假山堆叠功能有哪些?
  These four elements complement each other and form a perfect art space, but each element has its own way of life and external characteristics. Rockery technology in the garden, rockery pile stone combination. Although it is the creation of human beings, it is like the artistic realm of heaven. Artificial beauty follows the law of natural beauty. What are the functions of rockery stacking?
  功能1:主视图和地形骨架
  Function 1: main view and terrain skeleton
  假山以山石或护岸池为主要景观,整个园林在此基础上有一定的地形和骨架变化。例如,北京北海从塔山到上海豫园的总体布局以山地为主。事实上,这种花园可以被称为石头花园。
  Rockery takes rocks or revetment pool as the main landscape, and the whole garden has certain terrain and skeleton changes on this basis. For example, the overall layout of Beijing Beihai from Tashan to Shanghai Yu Garden is mainly mountainous. In fact, this kind of garden can be called stone garden.
  功能2:空间组织
  Function 2: Space Organization
  另一种用人工美的方法是用假山来组织空间,可以将屏障景观、相对景观、背景、框架景观、裁剪景观等灵活结合。
  Another way to use artificial beauty is to use rockery to organize space, which can combine barrier landscape, relative landscape, background, frame landscape, cutting landscape and so on flexibly.
  假山堆叠可以用来分隔空间,不仅通畅无阻,还可以丰富水体景观。此外,石材的摆放在空间的穿插、连接、引导和拓展中起着重要的作用。
  Rockery stacking can be used to separate space, not only unobstructed, but also to enrich the water landscape. In addition, the placement of stone plays an important role in the interspersion, connection, guidance and expansion of space.
济南假山制作
  功能三:装饰和衬托
  Function 3: decoration and foil
  假山叠石景观空间常见的装饰有:导石、护岸、挡土墙、石台、台阶、护岸、花台、假山叠石等不仅可以景观,而且具有实用功能;还可以利用石声的特点,如石琴;它也可以用作户外自然设施。例如,石屏风、石沙发、石桌、石凳、石栏杆、或挖空形成种植容器、贮水池等,都具有很高的价值,可以将假山石与造景相结合,使园林充满自然气息。
  The common decoration of rockery and stacked stone landscape space includes: guide stone, revetment, retaining wall, stone platform, steps, revetment, flower platform, rockery and stacked stone, which not only can be used for landscape, but also has practical functions; it can also use the characteristics of stone sound, such as stone zither; it can also be used as outdoor natural facilities. For example, Shiping wind, stone sofa, stone table, stone bench, stone railing pole, or hollowing out to form planting containers, water tanks, etc., all have high value. Rockery can be combined with landscaping to make the garden full of natural flavor.
  堆石假山的纹理和颜色可以清洁环境,增强建筑空间的层次感和深度。这种叠石假山在园林中很常见,从南到北:闽南园林、江南私家园林、北方园林,都有广泛的应用。
  The texture and color of rockfill rockery can clean the environment and enhance the sense of hierarchy and depth of building space. This kind of rockery is very common in gardens, from south to North: Minnan gardens, Jiangnan private gardens, northern gardens, are widely used.
  功能四:护岸、开花
  Function 4: Revetment and flowering
  假山护岸适用于水体的大小部位,也适用于水体中自然布局的园林,具有天然的岩石护岸。
  The rockery revetment is suitable for the large and small parts of the water body, and also for the gardens with natural layout in the water body, with natural rock revetment.
  此外,他们经常使用假山来组织他们的浏览路线。岩石经常散布在陡峭的斜坡上,以保护斜坡。假山石堆在山体的陡坡上,开辟了一个天然的平台,并在山体内部形成了垂直的土面,多用作挡土墙。假山堆叠在传统的建筑区域内创造了自然和密集的变化。这种方法常用于长江以南的私家园林。
  In addition, they often use rockeries to organize their browsing routes. Rocks are often scattered on steep slopes to protect them. The rockery has opened up a natural platform on the steep slope of the mountain, and formed a vertical soil surface inside the mountain, mostly used as a retaining wall. Rockery stacking creates natural and dense changes in traditional building areas. This method is often used in private gardens south of the Yangtze River.
济南老王假山水景园林

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