承接项目
新闻中心

吸水石假山盆景的制作步骤是怎么样的?

  制作吸水石盆景,除了要掌握地形地貌和景观盆景艺术表达方法的理论知识外,还要掌握具体的制作技巧,理论与实践必须相结合,才能做到得心应手,随意运用,创作出高水平的吸水石盆景作品。
  In order to make water absorption stone bonsai, we should not only master the theoretical knowledge of the expression methods of topography and landscape bonsai art, but also master the specific production skills. Only when the theory and practice are combined, can we make it handy, use it at will, and create high-level water absorption stone bonsai works.
  首先,观察石头的选择
  First, look at the choice of stone
  1、“石意”,即在只有一块或几块石头的情况下,根据已有的石头进行创作,来表达主题。“因为石头”要充分发挥石头的长处,避免其短处,用自然的纹理和剪裁,把外观美丽的一面作为正面,把形状不好的一面作为背面。若有几块松质小石,难以产生挺拔陡峭的景观盆景,可用作平远山水盆景,表现江南山水碧水秀丽的景色。“石意”所表达的意境往往是有限的。
  1. "Stone meaning", that is, in the case of only one or several stones, according to the existing stones to create, to express the theme. "Because the stone" should give full play to the advantages of the stone, avoid its disadvantages, use natural texture and cutting, take the beautiful side of the appearance as the front, and take the bad side of the shape as the back. If there are several small pine stones, it is difficult to produce a straight and steep landscape bonsai, which can be used as a landscape bonsai in Pingyuan to show the beautiful scenery of the south of the Yangtze River. The artistic conception expressed by "stone meaning" is often limited.
  2、“因为选择石材的意图”,在石材较多的情况下,多采用这种方法。例如,游览名胜古迹或的山川之后,深深为祖国壮丽的山河所鼓舞,或读一首好诗而受到鼓舞,有创造的愿望,然后根据想法来选择石头。在很多石头的选择中,首先选择主峰的石头,然后选择主峰的形状、颜色、纹理、纹理协调的较小的石头。在石材的选择上,注重“薄、漏、透、皱”石材的选择,以生动地表现各种形态的顶峰。
  2. "Because of the intention to choose stone", in the case of more stones, this method is often used. For example, after visiting places of interest or famous mountains and rivers, deeply inspired by the magnificent mountains and rivers of the motherland, or inspired by reading a good poem, having the desire to create, and then choosing stones according to the idea. In many stone selection, first select the stone of the main peak, then select the smaller stone whose shape, color, texture and texture coordinate. In the selection of stone materials, we should pay attention to the selection of "thin, leaky, transparent and wrinkled" stone materials, so as to vividly show the peak of various forms.
  第二,锯切切
  Second, sawing
  在景观盆景的制作中,是先铝后刻,还是先锯后刻,每个人的习惯都不一样。一般来说,如果先雕刻后切割,生产者必须有较高的技术和对石材结构的充分了解,否则一旦破碎,就很难修复。如果先锯后割,一旦割错,还要即兴补救。
  In the production of landscape bonsai, it is different for everyone whether to carve after aluminum or saw first. Generally speaking, if carving before cutting, the producer must have high technology and full understanding of the stone structure, otherwise once broken, it is difficult to repair. If you saw before you cut, if you cut wrong, you have to improvise.
  1、锯切:一块或几块未经锯切的石头可以做成山水盆景,那是很少见的,所以锯切是制作山水盆景的基本功之一。要锯好岩石的底部,应先确定正确的锯截线。锯切线往往是由水浸确定的,那部分石头要先锯入水中,然后再迅速取出石头,划上水渍,用粉笔在石头四周划一道线。锯切时把石头锯下,顺着垂直向下锯,把大石头从几个方面锯下,石头就能锯开。为了保持锯的平直和稳定,如锯片稍微倾斜,锯切后的误差很大。切割硬质石材时,应同时加水,以免锯片温度过高,降低锯切速度。同时要注意尽量不要损坏石质边缘,因为边缘之美在景观盆景中至关重要。如果锯的底部不平整,切割后砂轮可用来磨平或平整在水泥地面上,一般不要再看,因为再锯的山会变低,也不一定能锯平。
  1. Sawing: one or several stones without sawing can be made into landscape bonsai, which is very rare, so sawing is one of the basic skills for making landscape bonsai. To saw the bottom of the rock, the correct cutting line should be determined first. The cutting line is often determined by water immersion. The stone should be sawed into the water first, and then the stone should be taken out quickly, water stains should be drawn, and a line should be drawn around the stone with chalk. When sawing, cut off the stone, and cut it down vertically. Cut off the big stone from several aspects, and the stone can be cut off. In order to keep the saw straight and stable, if the saw blade is slightly inclined, the error after sawing is very large. When cutting hard stone, water should be added at the same time to avoid too high temperature of saw blade and reduce cutting speed. At the same time, try not to damage the stone edge, because the beauty of the edge is very important in landscape bonsai. If the bottom of the saw is not smooth, the grinding wheel can be used to polish or level the cement ground after cutting. Generally, do not look at it again, because the mountain will be lower after sawing, and it is not necessarily to be sawed flat.
  2、劈开:如果切一小块松质石材有些硬的石材,尤其是大块的硬石,锯开比较难,可以通过加热来分割。加热方法是将石头在火上烧烤一定热量,迅速从火中,在地面上,立即给石头浇冷水,使用热扩张和冷收缩的原理,这样的石头纹裂,然后轻轻敲打或光线下降,巨大的石头会分成许多小石头。这些小石头一般都是从天然纹理中分裂出来的,所以形态自然,有时也会出现具有自然美的美丽石头。因为各种各样的石头的结构是不同的,大小是不同的,火是不相同的来源,所以烧烤时间应该是灵活的,一般不做石头的温度过高,敲门,击败时不是太大的力,否则石头坏了,不好用。
  2. Split: if you cut a small piece of loose stone with some hard stone, especially the large piece of hard stone, it is difficult to saw, you can cut it by heating. The heating method is to barbecue the stone on the fire for a certain amount of heat, quickly pour cold water into the stone from the fire and on the ground, use the principle of thermal expansion and cold contraction, such stone cracks, and then gently knock or light drops, the huge stone will be divided into many small stones. These small stones are generally split from the natural texture, so the shape is natural, and sometimes there are beautiful stones with natural beauty. Because all kinds of stones have different structures, sizes and sources of fire, the barbecue time should be flexible. Generally, the temperature of stone is not too high, knocking and beating are not too strong, otherwise the stone will be broken and not easy to use.
济南老王假山水景园林

咨询热线:
13064079165
在线客服