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假山制作中浮雕的压缩表现方法!

  浮雕,是在平面上雕刻出凹凸起伏形象的一种雕塑,是介于圆雕和绘画之间的艺术表现形式。浮雕的空间构造可以是三维的立体形态,也可以兼备某种平面形态;既可以依附于某种载体,又可相对独立地存在。
  Relief is a kind of sculpture that carves the concave and convex image on the plane. It is an artistic expression form between circular sculpture and painting. The spatial structure of relief can be a three-dimensional form or a plane form; it can not only be attached to a carrier, but also exist relatively independently.
  浮雕压缩即对一个固体空间假设有三条轴;X轴、Y轴和Z轴,其中X轴为垂直轴,Y轴是水平轴,Z轴是纵深轴。在做浮雕时,保持X轴与Y轴不变,而压缩Z轴并将以上的全部压缩在一个平面上就可以了。如何在保持X、Y、轴不变的情况下,先仔细把稿起好,再在离你更远的一点涂上一层积土,再在更近的点上涂上三层分的积土,如果你是做的近乎于圆雕浮雕也是如此,只是不要忘了随时缩小Z轴的比例。
  Relief compression assumes that there are three axes for a solid space: X axis, Y axis and Z axis, where x axis is vertical axis, Y axis is horizontal axis and Z axis is depth axis. When doing relief, keep the x-axis and y-axis unchanged, and compress the Z-axis and all the above in a plane. How to keep the X, y, and axis unchanged, first carefully start the draft, then apply a layer of accumulated soil at the farthest point from you, and then apply three layers of accumulated soil at the nearest point, if you are doing something close to the circular relief, just don't forget to reduce the proportion of Z axis at any time.
  利用错觉
  Using illusion
  这种方法往往是用在多层次,复杂一些的构图中,往往是高、中、低浮雕的表现方式同时并用。更常见的是前景人物采用涂浮雕法,随着物景的推移,越来越平,直至背景只需稍稍刻画上去就可以了.在这里表现方式的界定标志是需要明确的。A、高浮雕即可能来对象背后面的感受。B、中浮雕要压缩至Z轴的二分之一。C、浅浮雕一般可能就要压缩至十分之一了。利用厚度的差异,就是利用人视觉上的错觉必要时可以把后面的物体推到前面来,甚至处于一个平面上。
济南假山制作
  This method is often used in multi-level, complex composition, often high, medium, low relief performance at the same time. The most common is that the foreground figures adopt the method of painting relief. With the development of the scenery, it becomes more and more flat until the background is only slightly portrayed. Here, the defining signs of the way of expression need to be clear. A. high relief is the feeling behind the back of the object. B. the medium relief should be compressed to one half of the Z axis. C. the shallow relief may be compressed to one tenth. Using the difference of thickness is to use the illusion of human vision, when necessary, to push the objects behind to the front, or even in a plane.
  外轮廓起位
  Outer contour lifting
  指的是外轮廓与背景交界处前后轮廓和背景垂直高度的部位叫做起位,在观察学习别人的浮雕作品时,要特别留意,留意这些连接处是如何处理浮雕的一侧去观察艺术家对微小的变化之处是如何处理的,是如何使远处的那只眼睛刚为从眉笔下面露出来的。这个起位技术是浮雕中非常重要的,它可以把主体与背景拉开距离,使浮雕有了立体感,并表现出多层次。
  It refers to the place where the front and back contours of the boundary between the outer contour and the background and the vertical height of the background are called the starting position. When observing and learning other people's relief works, we should pay special attention to how these connections deal with one side of the relief to observe how the artist deals with the tiny changes and how the distant eye just emerges from the eyebrow pen. This lifting technology is very important in relief. It can open the distance between the main body and the background, make relief have a three-dimensional sense and show multi-level.
济南老王假山水景园林

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