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假山制作的修复以及石料的选择!

  中国历史悠久,被誉为四大文明古国之一。它也是一个在文明上从未有过错的古老国家。因此,中国保留了从古至今各种规模的园林。不管以后会有什么损坏,那么我们需要后人给祖先们留下宝贵的东西,在修复园林假山的生产过程中,一定要遵循“修旧如旧”的原则。
  China has a long history and is known as one of the four ancient civilizations. It is also the only ancient country that has never been civilised at fault. Therefore, China has preserved gardens of all sizes from ancient times to the present. No matter what will be damaged in the future, we need future generations to leave precious things for our ancestors. In the production process of repairing garden rockery, we must follow the principle of "repairing the old as the old".
  古典园林假山的维修工作经历了三个阶段,阶段开始的20世纪的50年代,由国家资助,收集来自全国各地的专家和学者和工匠,古典园林的假山大规模修复,修复假从民间收集的岩石,原始的基础上调整,使外观更强,同时景观的一部分,假山,没有添加新的假岩石,所以更好保留原来的功能。第二阶段开始于20世纪70年代后期,也是古典园林修复的重要阶段,这一阶段将假山的所有园林内部结构都做了加固,假山外部也进行了填充加固。特别是对水系的疏通、水池的疏浚和护岸基础的加固起到了性的保护作用。通过这两次细致的修复,假山得到了更好的保护和传承。在修复旧如旧的基础上对局部假山进行处理和调整,更能体现园林景观的效果。苏州大师网园池位于崇贵山南侧,紧邻黄石公园云冈,经过修复,假山水立,堪称黄石假山中的极品。第三阶段,从20世纪90年代到现在,根据世界文化遗产的历史记录,修复小花园和假山。例如,西园的莲藕园装饰和牡丹花台的恢复在花园的东角。古典园林假山的制作手法有很多种,在修复过程中有很多注意事项:
  The maintenance work of rockery in classical gardens has gone through three stages. In the 1950s of the 20th century, the first stage was funded by the state to collect experts, scholars and craftsmen from all over the country. The rockery in classical gardens was repaired on a large scale. The rocks collected by the folk were repaired and adjusted on the original basis to make the appearance stronger. At the same time, part of the landscape, rockery, did not add new fake rocks, so it's best to Keep the original function. The second stage started in the late 1970s, which is also an important stage of the restoration of classical gardens. In this stage, all the internal structures of rockery have been reinforced, and the outside of rockery has also been filled and reinforced. In particular, it plays a permanent role in the dredging of water system, the dredging of water pool and the reinforcement of revetment foundation. Through these two meticulous restoration, the rockery has been better protected and inherited. On the basis of repairing the old as the old, the local rockery can be treated and adjusted to better reflect the effect of landscape. Suzhou master net garden pool is located in the south of Chonggui mountain, close to the Huangshi Park Yungang. After repair, the rockery and water stand up, which can be called the best of Huangshi rockery. In the third stage, from the 1990s to now, according to the historical records of the world cultural heritage, we focus on the restoration of small gardens and rockeries. For example, the lotus garden decoration and the restoration of peony flower stage in the east corner of the garden. There are many ways to make rockery in classical gardens, and there are many precautions in the process of restoration:
济南假山制作
  点是在修复的过程中,原历史面貌的位置、假山的布局以及原石的风格和特点是不能改变的。
  The first point is that in the process of restoration, the location of the original historical features, the layout of rockeries and the style and characteristics of the original stones cannot be changed.
  第二点是在修复过程中要分步进行,假山的造型和结构不能改变。
  The second point is to carry out the restoration step by step, and the shape and structure of the rockery cannot be changed.
  第三点是小范围的修复,修复材料可以使用原假山石,不能与其他假山石更换。
  The third point is the small-scale repair. The repair materials can use the original fake rocks and cannot be replaced with other fake rocks.
  第四点是在修复过程中如果需要添加假山石,一定要选择与假山原纹理和颜色相近的假山石。
  The fourth point is that if you need to add rockery in the process of restoration, you must choose rockery with similar texture and color to the original rockery.
  第五,在修复较大的假山时,要突出山的形态,山的焦点在山顶,所以在修复时一定要非常小心,不能做太多的调整,主要要补全为主。
  Fifthly, when repairing large rockeries, the shape of the mountain should be highlighted, and the focus of the mountain is on the top of the mountain. Therefore, we must be very careful when repairing the rockeries, not to make too many adjustments, mainly to complete them.
  第六点是在整个园林假山的修复中,一定不能抓住与石头同景,从而失去与建筑景观的联系。
  The sixth point is that in the restoration of the whole garden rockery, it must not be able to grasp the same scene with stone, so as to lose the connection with the architectural landscape.
  第七是在修复大型假山时,应取骨架不落地,由上而下,先高后低,由内而外,先支撑,后移动,逐层成组修复。总之,科学严谨的修复必须在保持原貌的基础上进行。
  The seventh is that when repairing large rockery, the skeleton should be taken from top to bottom, from high to low, from inside to outside, first supported, then moved, and repaired layer by layer. In short, scientific and rigorous restoration must be carried out on the basis of maintaining the original appearance.
  假山制作工艺是一个值得长期研究的过程,只有首先保护传统的特色,才能在此基础上做出精品,并对改善人们的生活环境和美化城市起到更大的作用。
  Rockery making process is a process worthy of long-term study. Only by protecting the traditional characteristics, can we make excellent products on this basis, and play a greater role in improving people's living environment and beautifying the city.
济南老王假山水景园林

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