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盆景假山的制作方法有哪些?

  如今,对家居的装饰,假山是很多人的选择,假山是人们喜爱的景观的缩影。有的人会在室内设置盆景假山来装饰房子,有的人会在家庭花园里制作假山来装饰。制作假山的方法有哪些?让小编今天给大家科学补课。
  Nowadays, for home decoration, rockery is the choice of many people. Rockery is the epitome of people's favorite landscape. Some people will set bonsai rockeries indoors to decorate the house, others will make rockeries in the family garden to decorate. What are the ways to make rockery? Let Xiaobian give you a supplementary science lesson today.
  盆景假山制作方法:
  Production method of bonsai rockery:
  1、概念设计:假山制作之前,一定要有一个全面的盆景,要做什么样的盆景,一定要确定盆景的形状,否则你就无法开始,根据这个想法,初的形状是沙盘。注:假山的高度?大小与浅盆地的大小成正比。
  1. Conceptual design: Before making rockery, we must have a comprehensive bonsai. What kind of bonsai to do, we must determine the shape of bonsai, otherwise you can not start. According to this idea, the initial shape is sand table. Note: The height and size of the rockery are directly proportional to the size of the shallow basin.
  2、粘山假山:粘山的步,先调整水泥胶,注意调整胶的使用,还要注意胶的稠度。第二步,石材加工,需要用锤子粘接工具吗?凿?锯子和其他工具,以产生纹理和更奇特的形状。第三步是把山连接起来。在岩石和石头的两面都涂上水泥胶水,使岩石成为一体。注意粘结,尽量使岩石的接缝处看不到断裂的痕迹。小心地把多余的胶水从粘接剂上除去。
  2. Jiaoshan rockery: The first step of Jiaoshan is to adjust the cement glue, pay attention to the use of the glue, and pay attention to the consistency of the glue. The second step, stone processing, need to use hammer bonding tools? Chisel? Saws and other tools to produce textures and more exotic shapes. The third step is to connect the mountains. Cement glue is applied on both sides of the rock and stone to make the rock one. Attention should be paid to bonding so that no trace of fracture can be seen at the joints of rocks. Carefully remove excess glue from the adhesive.
  3、保养假山:假山制作完毕后,不能立即触摸,要节约用水2 - 3天,假山会基本牢固。
  3. Maintenance of rockery: After making the rockery, you can't touch it immediately. You should save water for 2-3 days, and the rockery will be basically solid.
  水泥假山制作方法:
  Method of making cement rockery:
  1. 定位放样:根据整体施工方案对场地进行分类,软化通道,勘察场地,检查场地高度及场地与周边建筑的关系,确定施工范围。
  1. Location lofting: Classify the site according to the overall construction plan, soften the passage, survey the site, check the height of the site and the relationship between the site and the surrounding buildings, and determine the scope of construction.
  2. 底部:挖一条开敞的线,挖出混凝土层打好地基。
  2. Bottom: Dig an open line, dig out the concrete layer and lay a good foundation.
  3.埋地部分:当埋地部分位于埋地混凝土表面时,根据埋地部分的大小和功能,有以下三种固定方法。
  3. Buried part: When the buried part is on the surface of buried concrete, there are three kinds of fixing methods according to the size and function of the buried part.
  (1)平面内件尺寸小,内件可直接与主肋连接。但注射过程中应随时观察内部零件的位置,并及时解决问题。
  (1) Planar internals are small in size and can be directly connected with the main rib. However, the position of the internal parts should be observed at any time during the injection process, and the problems should be solved in time.
  (2)角钢预埋件可直接与主肋连接,必须在预埋件的孔内钻孔,防止预埋件下方积小。
  (2) Angle steel embedded parts can be directly connected with the main rib, and must be bored in the hole of the embedded parts to prevent small area under the embedded parts.
  (3)在制作大型预埋件时,除了用固定筋固定外,还必须将角钢置于顶部,以防止预埋件在必要时在锚板上移位钻孔。对于非常大的预埋件,板上应钻孔振动孔,但孔的位置和大小不会影响锚板的正常使用。
  (3) In the manufacture of large-scale embedded parts, besides fixing with fixed tendons, angle steel must also be placed at the top to prevent the embedded parts from shifting and drilling holes on the anchor plate when necessary. For very large embedded parts, vibration holes should be drilled on the board, but the location and size of holes will not affect the normal use of the anchor plate.
济南假山制作
  4、骨架焊接生产:骨架结构与砖结构、钢框架结构及其混合结构。砖结构简单经济,钢框架突出了山体形态的巨大变化。瀑布、喷泉和蓝绿色的山峰应该保持骨架防水。
  4. Skeleton welding production: skeleton structure and brick structure, steel frame structure and its hybrid structure. Brick structure is simple and economical, and steel frame highlights tremendous changes in mountain shape. Waterfalls, fountains and blue-green peaks should be kept skeleton waterproof.
  5、丝网焊接:由小钢条焊接而成,固定,并由焊机对其上形成框架。这一步基本上确定了假山的默认形状。
  5. Wire mesh welding: small steel bars are welded and fixed, and a frame is formed on them by a welding machine. This step basically determines the default shape of the rockery.
  6. 钢丝网绑法:将钢丝网绑在模压钢架上,然后用细线绑紧。
  6. Wire mesh binding method: tie the wire mesh to the moulded steel frame, and then tie it with thin wires.
  7. 石膏:泥地板的成型采用水泥、黄泥、河沙等材料,具有较强的塑性。重复,以得到形状,纹理,身体和表面基本上接近模型。
  7. Gypsum: The mud floor is made of cement, yellow mud, river sand and other materials, which has strong plasticity. Repeat to get shape, texture, body and surface basically close to the model.
  8. 造型:塑料表面是在塑料表面精心雕刻而成,刻有纹理、颜色、纹理和表面特征。质地和颜色可根据设计要求对绒毛表面进行处理工艺,如水彩白色调色剂或普通水泥砂浆,并适当配比粉末、粗软塑料。条纹主要由岩石构成,相互补充,以显示清晰、引人注目的图像,并呈现一个良好的形状,往往陡峭,直立的姿态。综合岩纹能较好地表现出深凉的风格。天然岩石除了记录纹理、缝隙、孔洞、腐朽、裂缝、瑕疵和位移细节外,还具有很好的表现,增强了自然岩石场景的真实感。
  8. Modeling: The plastic surface is carefully carved on the plastic surface, engraved with texture, color, texture and surface features. Texture and color can be treated according to the design requirements, such as watercolor white toner or ordinary cement mortar, and appropriate proportion of powder, rough and soft plastic. Stripes consist mainly of rocks and complement each other in order to display a clear and striking image and present a good shape, often steep and upright posture. The synthetical lithographic pattern can better show the deep and cool style. In addition to recording texture, cracks, holes, decay, cracks, defects and displacement details, natural rocks also have good performance, which enhances the reality of natural rock scenes.
  9、油漆表面油脂:干燥时,上色塑料镜片,加水喷上色剂,碱性颜料粉和水泥水混合。当90%的塑料表面干燥时,一些略暗的相角间隙孔洞或凹部根部,以增强立体感,洒上一点像黑白或绿色的凹部尺寸,密度别处。
  9. Oil and grease on paint surface: when dry, color plastic lenses, spray colorant with water, mix alkaline pigment powder with cement water. When 90% of the plastic surface is dry, some slightly darker interstitial holes or concave roots are sprinkled with a small black-and-white or green concave size and density elsewhere.
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