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怎么打造赏心悦目的盆景?

无论是传统园林还是现代花园,植物景观一直是我们的追求的主题,植物花园的自然元素是永恒的不变,一个的园林作品离不开成功的植物配置,植物,叶子颜色,香味,季节性变化可以创建不同的意境和魅力。
  Whether traditional or modern gardens, plant landscape has always been the theme of our pursuit. The natural elements of plant garden are eternal unchanged. A good garden works can not be separated from the successful plant configuration, plant, leaf color, fragrance, seasonal changes can create different artistic conception and charm.
  为植物提供合适的生长条件是一个重要的保证植物的生存,但一些建筑施工企业常常认为种植幼苗只是一个简单的操作,由于缺乏正确的理解和高死亡率造成的幼苗,绿化种植效果强烈的不满意。
  Providing suitable growth conditions for plants is an important guarantee for the survival of plants, but some construction enterprises often think that planting seedlings is only a simple operation, because of lack of correct understanding and high mortality caused by seedlings, greening planting effect is strongly unsatisfactory.
  原因如下:
  The reasons are as follows:
  首先,不处理种植孔,南方大部分土壤相对粘稠,集料结构差,透水性差,透气性差,植树或土壤湿度高,导致落叶腐烂根系,甚至死亡。
  Firstly, without treatment of planting holes, most soils in southern China are relatively thick, with poor aggregate structure, poor water permeability, poor air permeability, high tree planting or soil moisture, leading to decay of deciduous roots and even death.
  其次,灌木种植后修剪后出现大量的残茬,形成类似的“秃发”现象,严重影响景观效果;
  Secondly, a large number of stubble emerged after shrub planting and pruning, forming a similar phenomenon of "baldness", seriously affecting the landscape effect.
  第三,由于植物在种植时不考虑观赏面和观赏线的视线,造成摆放不良,没有表现出其佳的树形、树姿。
  Thirdly, because the plants do not take into account the ornamental surface and line of sight when planting, it causes poor placement and does not show its best tree shape and posture.
  第四,作为一个广泛使用的表达方式在现代园林中,伟大的艺术价值的地盘是为花园提供一个丰富的生活背景,但往往由于铺设技术措施不到位,导致失去自己的价值,如常见的黄色的秃发,凹凸不平,“猖獗”的现象。因此,铺草前应尽可能平整草坪,路面应人工或机械捣碎,使草皮根部贴近地面,避免积水和黄斑。对于根系和茎发达的草坪,应将根系切断并挖沟,避免茎向路面蔓延。
  Fourth, as a widely used way of expression in modern gardens, the greatest artistic value of the site is to provide a rich living background for the garden, but often due to inadequate paving technical measures, resulting in loss of their own value, such as the common yellow baldness, uneven, "rampant" phenomenon. Therefore, before laying grass, the lawn should be as flat as possible, and the road surface should be smashed artificially or mechanically to make the grass root close to the ground, so as to avoid water accumulation and macula. For lawns with well-developed roots and stems, the roots should be cut off and trenched to avoid the spread of stems to the road surface.
济南假山制作
  同时植物种植时应尽量模仿其生长的自然状态,丛植要清晰、密集,避免三行;要栽向彼此呼应,看众生;选择单株植物的颜色、香气、外观和四周的景色都要适当。
  At the same time, plants should imitate their natural state of growth as far as possible. Cluster planting should be clear, dense and avoid three lines. Planting should respond to each other and look at all living beings. Selecting the color, aroma, appearance and surrounding scenery of individual plants should be appropriate.
  以上都不能充分体现在图纸上,需要施工人员在种植放样时针对不同品种、不同规格、不同心态的人进行了解和把握。
  All of the above can not be fully reflected in the drawings. It is necessary for the construction personnel to understand and grasp different varieties, specifications and mentalities when planting and lofting.
  园林植物的特殊性在于植物是活的材料,不同于混凝土、钢材、木材等建筑材料,需要建筑工人的精心照料。因此,植物种植后的养护管理是其生存的关键,也是园林工程成败的关键。
  The particularity of garden plants is that they are living materials, different from concrete, steel, wood and other building materials, which need the careful care of construction workers. Therefore, the maintenance and management of plants after planting is the key to their survival, and also the key to the success or failure of landscape engineering.
  水、肥、病、虫、剪是绿化和养护的基本因素,但对于新树来说,水分平衡是保证生存重要的,所以我们应该抓住树木种植后几个重要时期的供水。
  Water, fertilizer, disease, insect and scissors are the basic factors for greening and conservation. But for new trees, water balance is the most important to ensure survival. So we should grasp the water supply in several important periods after planting trees.
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