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假山制作的洞体结构是怎么样的?

  假山在生产堆叠洞穴,是假山生产的各种技术。为了能够承受上层的重量,假山施工中必须以地基为基础。要注重更多的顶、柱、墙在造型上选用假山石。墙内的填充体必须有精确的整体重心,并且必须足够坚硬。内墙与石柱内顶嵌石尖缝要密实,在混凝土与粘结材料未达到足够强度时不能拆下模具和支架。
  Rockery is a kind of technology for producing stacked caves. In order to bear the weight of the upper layer, the foundation must be used in the construction of rockery. Must pay attention to more top, column, wall in the shape of the choice of rockery. The filler in the wall must have a precise global center of gravity and be hard enough. The joint between the inner wall and the stone pillar should be dense, and the mould and bracket can not be removed when the concrete and the bonding material are not strong enough.
  假洞穴由以下部分组成:
  The false cave consists of the following parts:
  洞穴地基与基石:假山地基石又称底脚石,假洞穴本身承载着很大的重量,而且还具有游览的功能,所以它的地基必须有足够的承载力,洞穴立柱与洞穴壁需要做地基。假山洞一般采用木桩或石桩作为基础,现代假洞多采用钢筋混凝土作为基石。如果假洞堆积在地面和水中,地基的石头应该从池底开始,这样会使洞更坚固。
  Cave Foundation and Foundation Stone: The rockery foundation stone is also called footstone. The artificial cave itself bears a great weight and has the function of touring. Therefore, its foundation must have enough bearing capacity, and the cave column and cave wall need to be the foundation. Artificial caves generally use wooden or stone piles as the foundation, while modern artificial caves mostly use reinforced concrete as the foundation. If the holes are piled up on the ground and in water, the foundation stones should start at the bottom of the pool, which will make the holes stronger.
济南假山制作
  洞壁、洞柱:洞壁是指整个洞穴的支撑。在平面上,它是点、线和面的组合。其中柱为点,墙为线,孔为面。洞穴壁分为两个空的和单侧支撑的,对于两个空的假山洞穴壁,在堆叠中更加复杂,不仅需要考虑结构的承重关系,还需要考虑假洞穴内外观景和采光位置的要求。因此,这种墙体在起脚时一定要注意轻盈性和一定的透气性,并且对堆垛技术要求较高,且抓取难度较大。单侧支靠墙挡石处理简单,需要注意脚薄。从中间开始一步一步使悬臂,当使悬臂不同于一般的群石,选择没有黑暗裂缝和坚硬的石材,并充分考虑石头盖的紧张和压力,以确保石墙有足够的洞穴墙壁反应推力。在形态上,应考虑溶洞母岩的形态特征。
  Cave wall and pillar: Cave wall refers to the support of the whole cave. On the plane, it is a combination of points, lines and planes. The column is a point, the wall is a line and the hole is a plane. Cave walls are divided into two empty and one-sided supporting. For two empty cave walls, it is more complex in stacking. It is necessary to consider not only the load-bearing relationship of the structure, but also the requirements of view and lighting location inside and outside the cave. Therefore, this kind of wall must pay attention to lightness and certain permeability when starting, and has higher requirements for stacking technology, and it is difficult to grasp. The treatment of single side wall retaining stone is simple, and thin feet should be paid attention to. Starting from the middle step by step, when the cantilever is different from the ordinary rocks, choose the hard stone without dark cracks, and fully consider the tension and pressure of the stone cover to ensure that the stone wall has enough reaction thrust of the cave wall. In morphology, the morphological characteristics of cave mother rocks should be considered.
  由于受跨度和长度的限制,假山洞通常采用柱顶支护的方法。柱是指大石块上堆砌的小、拱形石柱,有单柱、双柱、三柱几种形式。柱子由一堆石头隔开,留出一两个空间作为开口。洞穴立柱和墙体的高度应与举毛和屋顶打结的需要同时考虑。此外,还应考虑进入洞穴的游客的功能要求。
  Because of the limitation of span and length, the support method of pillar roof is usually used in the rockery cave. Columns refer to small, arch-shaped stone pillars piled on large stones, which are in the form of single, double and three pillars. The pillars are separated by a pile of stones, leaving one or two spaces as openings. The height of cave columns and walls should be considered in conjunction with the need to lift wool and tie the roof. In addition, the functional requirements of visitors entering caves should also be considered.
  以上内容由济南假山制作厂家整理发布,更多相关信息可点击我们的官方网站咨询:http://www.jnlaowang.com
  The above content is organized and published by Jinan rockery manufacturer. For more information, please click on our official website: http://www.jnlaowang.com.
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