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假山制作的修复要点有哪些?

  中国历史悠久,被誉为四大文明古国之一,也是世界上一个没有文明缺陷的古老国家。因此,从古至今,中国各种规模的园林随处可见,其中许多都是国家保护的民族文化遗产。无论什么时候以后都会有损坏,所以我们需要后人留给我们祖先的宝藏,在修复园林假山的制作过程中,一定要遵循“修旧如旧”的原则。
  China has a long history and is known as one of the four ancient civilizations. It is also the only ancient country in the world without civilization defects. Therefore, from ancient times to the present, gardens of all sizes can be seen everywhere in China, many of which are national cultural heritage protected by the state. Whenever and after there will be damage, so we need the treasure left to our ancestors by future generations. In the process of restoring the garden rockery, we must follow the principle of "restoring the old as the old".
  点是在修复过程中不能改变历史原貌的位置,假山石的布局,以及风格特点,在清理原貌时不能人为地改变石头的风格和手法。
  The first point is that in the process of restoration, we can not change the position of the historical original shape, the layout of rockeries, and the style characteristics. We can not change the style and technique of rockeries artificially when we clean up the original shape.
  第二点是在修复过程中要逐步进行,假山的造型和结构不能改变。
  The second point is that in the process of restoration, the shape and structure of the rockery can not be changed.
  第三点是要进行小范围的修复,修复材料可以用假山原石无法替代其他假山石。
  The third point is to carry out small-scale restoration. The restoration materials can not replace other rocks with the original rocks.
济南假山制作
  第四是在修复过程中如果需要添加假山石,一定要选择与假山原纹理和颜色相似的假山石。
  Fourth, if it is necessary to add rockeries in the process of restoration, it is necessary to select rockeries with similar texture and color as the original rockeries.
  第五,在修复大型假山时,要突出山形山的表现重点在山顶,所以在修复时一定要非常小心,不能做太多的调整,主要要补上。
  Fifth, when restoring large-scale rockeries, we should highlight the performance of mountain-shaped mountains at the top, so we must be very careful when restoring, not too much adjustment, mainly to make up.
  第六点是在整个园林假山的修复中,一定不能用石头抓住景观,从而失去与建筑景观的联系。
  The sixth point is that in the restoration of the whole garden rockery, we must not grasp the landscape with stones, thus losing the connection with the architectural landscape.
  七是在修复大型假山时,应取骨架不坠,由上而下,先高后低,由内而外,先支撑,后移动,一层一层后进行修复。总之,科学严谨的改造必须在保持原有外观的前提下进行。
  Seventh, when restoring large rockeries, the skeleton should be taken from top to bottom, first high and then low, from inside to outside, first supported, then moved, one layer after another for restoration. In short, scientific and rigorous transformation must be carried out on the premise of maintaining the original appearance.
  假山制作工艺是一门值得长期研究的课程,只有把保护传统特色放在首位,才能在此基础上做出精品,并对改善人们的生活环境和美化城市发挥更大的作用。
  Rockery craftsmanship is a course worthy of long-term study. Only by putting the protection of traditional characteristics in the first place, can we make high-quality products on this basis, and play a greater role in improving people's living environment and beautifying the city.
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