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小型假山盆景制作方法!

  假山盆景是一种立体的画,经过作者艺术加工,进行移天缩地神奇手法的处理,在咫尺盆盎中把自然美景通过山体、植物、配件组景的形式再现出来,创造出源于自然而高于自然的艺术品,可谓是自然山水风光的缩影,下面我们就一起来看一看小型假山盆景制作方法吧!
  Rockery bonsai is a kind of three-dimensional painting, after the author's artistic processing, the magical way of moving the sky and shrinking the earth is dealt with. In the nearest basin, the natural beauty is reappeared in the form of mountains, plants and accessories, creating works of art originating from nature but higher than nature. It can be said to be the miniature of natural landscape scenery. Let's take a look at the production of small rockery bonsai. Law!
  盆景选择
  Bonsai selection
  在小型假山盆景制作中,首先要选好盆,盆景很讲究盆和架的衬托,盆,一般有紫砂盆、磁盘、大理石盘、钟乳石“云盘”、水磨石盘等。山石盆景常用的浅 盘多为长方形或腰圆形,下有四个底脚,盘沿向外凸出而多棱,以增强装饰性,白色或浅蓝色,能显示出水面。目前市场上的白色硬质塑料浅盘和白水泥磨石盘出 售,价格便宜,也可选用。至于陈设盆的几架,可就地取材,创造出富有地方特色的几架。
  In the production of small-scale rockery bonsai, first of all, we should choose a good basin. Bonsai pays attention to the backing of basins and shelves. Basins generally have purple sand basins, disks, marble pans, stalactite "Yunpan" and terrazzo pans. Most of the shallow pans used in mountain and stone bonsai are rectangular or waist-shaped, with four bottom feet. The pans protrude outward and have many edges to enhance decorative, white or light blue, which can show the water surface. At present, white hard plastic shallow disc and white cement grinding stone disc on the market are available at low prices. As for the display pots, local materials can be used to create a few with local characteristics.
  盆景设计
  Bonsai design
  在小型假山盆景制作前,必须要做到胸有成竹,制作哪一类盆景,哪一种盆景造型,都要确定好,否则就无从下手,根据构思,初步在沙盘中摆放出山体的形状。注意:假山的高低、大小要与浅口盆的大小比例协调。
  Before making bonsai in small rockery, we must make sure which kind of bonsai we want to make and which kind of bonsai we want to make. Otherwise, we can't do it. According to the conception, we can put the shape of mountain body in the sand table initially. Note: The height and size of the rockery should be in proportion to the size of the shallow mouth basin.
  盆景制作
  Bonsai production
  1、胶接山体:先要调好水泥胶浆,注意胶浆要随用随调,还要注意胶浆的稀稠度。
  1. Bonding mountain body: First, we should adjust the cement mortar, pay attention to the use of the mortar with adjustments, but also pay attention to the consistency of the slurry.
  2、石材加工:把需要胶接的山体用锤、凿、锯等工具加工出纹理和比较奇特的形状来。
  2. Stone processing: To process the texture and more peculiar shape of the mountain body which needs to be bonded with hammer, chisel, saw and other tools.
  3、粘合山体:在需要粘合的山石两面用嵌板分别涂上水泥胶浆使山石吻合为一体,粘合时要注意,尽量使山石粘合处看不出断裂的痕迹,还要注意把粘合处多余的胶浆清除干净。
  3. Bonding hill body: Apply cement mortar on both sides of the hill and stone which need to be bonded separately to make the hill and stone fit together. Attention should be paid when bonding, so that the crack marks can not be seen at the bonding place of the hill and stone as far as possible, and the excess mortar at the bonding place should be cleaned up.
  盆景保养
  Bonsai maintenance
济南假山制作
  1、假山盆景制作完成后不能马上碰动,要喷水养护两三天,山体才会基本牢固。
  1. Rockery bonsai can not be touched immediately after the production is completed. The mountain body will be basically solid only after two or three days of water spraying and maintenance.
  2、假山盆景内配置的花草植株幼小、细嫩,由于土壤贮水少,经不起强阳光下曝晒,只能见适当的阳光。同时,曝晒会使盆景上的摆件失色、剥落、断裂, 使整个盆景失去观赏价值。因此,平时要加强遮荫,尤其是盛夏必须在荫棚下养护,否则会导致花木生长不良、萎缩、土表的苔藓干枯。
  2. The plants in the bonsai of rockery are young and delicate. Because the soil has little water storage, they can not withstand strong sunshine and can only see appropriate sunshine. At the same time, exposure will make the decorations on the bonsai discolored, peeled and broken, making the whole bonsai lose its ornamental value. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen shading in peacetime, especially in midsummer, which must be maintained under shade shed, otherwise it will lead to poor growth, atrophy of flowers and trees, and withered moss on the soil surface.
  3、假山盆景室外管理要防暴雨冲刷,浇水时也不要太猛,否则会冲去盆泥,影响植株生长。假山盆景给水时,好用喷水或浸水方法,这样既利于植株、花草、苔藓生长,又可洗去山石表面的灰尘,以保持整个山石清新苍翠,生机盎然。
  3. The outdoor management of bonsai in rockery should prevent rainstorm from scouring, and water should not be too fierce, otherwise it will wash away the basin mud and affect plant growth. When providing water for bonsai in rockery, it is better to spray or immerse in water, which is conducive to the growth of plants, plants and mosses, and can wash away the dust on the surface of rocks, so as to keep the whole rocks fresh and green and full of vitality.
  结语:小型假山盆景中可贮水,间或缀以亭楼、舟桥、人物、动物等不构件,还可常配以树木或小植物,经过艺术加工,使山河之美景浑然浓缩,再现于盆中。同时,假山是山石盆景中的主体,也只有完成了假山的制作,才能组合成完整的山石盆景。
  Conclusion: Small rockery bonsai can store water, sometimes with pavilions, boat bridges, people, animals and other non-components, but also often with trees or small plants, after artistic processing, so that the beautiful scenery of mountains and rivers can be completely concentrated, reproduced in the basin. At the same time, rockery is the main body of bonsai, and only when the production of rockery is completed, can it be combined into a complete bonsai.
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