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济南假山制作中山脚处理方法!

  塑石假山山脚施工是山体施工起始部分,其主要工作包括拉底、起脚和做脚。这三部分是紧密联系的。所谓拉底,就是在山脚线范围内砌筑层山石,即做出垫底的山石层。拉底的方式和拉底山脚线的处理见下面的简述。
  The foot construction of plastic rockery rockery is the initial part of mountain construction. Its main work includes bottom pulling, footing and footwork. These three parts are closely related. The so-called Lady is to build the first layer of rocks within the footline of the mountain, that is, to make the bottom of the rocks. The way to pull the bottom and the treatment of the foot line of Mount Lady are outlined below.
  塑石假山拉底的方式有满拉底和周边拉底两种。
  There are two ways to lay the bottom of plastic rockery rockery: full laying and surrounding laying.
  1.周边拉底是先用山石在塑石假山山脚沿线砌成一圈垫底石,再用乱石碎砖或泥土将石圈内全部填起来,压实后即成为垫底的塑石假山底层。这一方式适合基底面积较大的大型塑石假山。
  1. The surrounding bottom-pulling is to build a circle of cushion rocks along the foot of the plastic rockery rockery, then fill all the stone circles with rubble and broken bricks or mud, and then compact them into the bottom of the plastic rockery rockery rockery rockery. This method is suitable for large plastic rockery rockery with large basement area.
  2.满拉底是在山脚线的范围内用山石满铺一层。这种拉底的做法适宜规模较小、山底面积也较小的塑石假山,或在北方冬季有冻胀破坏地方的塑石假山。
  2. Manladi is a layer covered with rocks at the foot of the mountain. This kind of bottom-pulling method is suitable for small-scale plastic rockery rockery with smaller area at the bottom of the mountain, or plastic rockery rockery rockery with frost heaving damage in winter in the north.
  首先要注意选择适合的山石来做山底,不得用风化过度的松散的山石。其次,假山拉底的山石底部一定要垫平垫稳,保证不能摇动,以便于向上砌筑山体。第三,拉底的石与石之间要紧连互咬。第四,山石之间要不规则地断续相间,有断有连。第五,拉底的边缘部分,要错落变化,使山脚弯曲时有不同的半径,凹进时有不同的凹深和凹陷宽度,要避免山脚的平直和浑圆形状。
济南假山制作
  First of all, we should pay attention to the selection of suitable rocks to make the bottom of the mountain. We should not use loose rocks with excessive weathering. Secondly, the rockery bottom of the rockery bottom must be padded steadily to ensure that it can not shake, so as to facilitate the upward building of the mountain. Thirdly, Lady's stones and stones must bite each other closely. Fourthly, rocks and mountains should be intermittently and irregularly connected. Fifth, the edge of the bottom should be altered in different ways, so that the foot of the hill has different radius when bending, different depth and width when concave, and the flat and round shape of the foot of the hill should be avoided.
  山脚线的处理
  Processing of mountain footline
  1.埋脚:是将山底周边垫底山石埋入土下约20厘米,可使整座塑石假山看上去仿佛是从地下长出来似的。在石边土中栽植花草后,塑石假山与地面的结合就更加紧密、更加自然了。
  1. Foot Burying: Bury the rock around the bottom of the mountain into the soil about 20 centimeters, so that the whole rock-moulding rockery seems to grow out of the ground. After planting flowers and plants in the rocky soil, the combination of plastic rockery rockery and the ground becomes closer and more natural.
  2.露脚:即在地面上直接做起山底边线的垫脚石圈,使整个塑石假山就象是放在地上似的。这种方式可以减少山石用量和用工量,但塑石假山的山脚效果会梢差一些。
  2. Out-of-the-ground: that is to say, to directly make the foot-stone circle of the side line of the bottom of the hill on the ground, so that the whole plastic rockery seems to be on the ground. This method can reduce the amount of rock and labor, but the effect of plastic rockery at the foot of the hill will be worse.
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