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假山实景的山体施工要点!

一座山基本由峰、岩、洞、岭等组成,在假山设计制作的过程中,也需遵循这样的规律,这样搭建起来的假山才更具观赏性,才符合山应有的章法。那么在经行假山实景施工的时候,要注意这几个要点。
  A mountain is basically composed of peaks, rocks, caves, ridges and so on. In the process of design and manufacture of rockery, such a rule should be followed. Only in this way can the rockery built up be more ornamental and conform to the rules of the mountain. So in the actual construction of the rockery, we should pay attention to these points.
  安稳是对稳妥安放叠置山石手法的通称,将一块大山石平放在一块或几块大山石这上的叠石方法叫做安稳,安稳要求平稳而不能动摇;右下不稳之处要用小石片垫实刹紧。一般选用宽形或长形山石,这种手法主要用于山脚透空叵右下需要做眼的地方。
  Stability is a general term for the method of placing a large mountain stone on one or several large mountain stones. The method of placing a large mountain stone flat on one or more large mountain stones is called stability. Stability requires stability and can not be shaken; the instability of the lower right should be padded with small stones to tighten the brake. Generally, wide-Shaped or long-shaped rocks are chosen. This technique is mainly used in the places where the foot of the mountain is empty and the lower right side needs to be made eyes.
  山石之间水平方向的相互衔接称为连。相连的山石基连接处的茬口形状和石面皴纹要尽量相互吻合,如果能做到严合缝就很好,但多数情况下,只要基本吻合即可。对于不同吻合的缝口应选用合适的石刹紧,使之合为一体,有时为了造型的需要,做成纵向裂缝或石缝处理,这时也要求朝里的一边连接好,连接的目的不仅在于求得山石外观的整体性,更主要地是为了使结构上凝为一体,以能均匀地传达和承受压力。连合好的山石,要做到当拍击石一端时,应使相连的另一端山石有受力之感。
  The horizontal connection between rocks and mountains is called connection. The shape of stubble and the grain of stone surface at the joints of hill and rock foundation should match each other as much as possible. If the joints can be seamed properly, it will be good, but in most cases, it can be done as long as they are basically identical. For different matching seams, appropriate stone brake should be selected to make them integrated. Sometimes longitudinal cracks or stone seams should be made for the need of modelling. At this time, the inner side should be connected well. The purpose of the connection is not only to achieve the integrity of the appearance of the rocks, but also to make the structure cohesive, so as to convey and bear the pressure uniformly. When one end of the rock is slapped, the rock at the other end of the rock should have a sense of force.
济南假山制作
  它是指山石这间的竖向衔接,山石衔接的茬口可以是平口,也可以凹凸口,但要咬合紧密而不能有滑移的接口,衔接的山石,外面上要依皴纹连接,至少要分出横竖纹路来。
  It refers to the vertical connection between rocks. The stubble can be flat or concave or convex, but it must be closely occluded without slipping. The jointed rocks should be connected according to the grain on the outside, or at least be divided into horizontal and vertical lines.
  以两块分离的山石为底脚,作成头顶相互内靠,如同的两者争斗状,并在两头项之间安置一块连接石;或借用斗构件的原理,在两块底脚石上安置一块拱形山石。
  Taking two separated rocks as the base foot, making the top of the head close to each other, as if they were fighting, and placing a connecting stone between the two ends; or using the principle of bucket component, placing an arch-shaped rock on the two bottom footstones.
  即在一块大的山石之旁,挎靠一块小山石,犹如人肩之挎包一样。挎石要充分利用茬口咬压,或借用上面山石之重力加以稳定,必要时应在受力之隐蔽处,用钢丝或铁件加轻固定连接。挎一般用在山石外轮廓形状过于平滞而缺乏凹凸变化的情况。
  That is to say, beside a large rock, a small rock is carried like a bag on one's shoulder. In order to make full use of the stubble biting pressure, or to use the gravity of the rocks above to stabilize it, it is necessary to use steel wire or iron to fix the connection lightly and fixedly in the concealed place where the force is applied. Generally speaking, it is used in the case that the shape of the outline of rocks is too flat and there is no concave-convex change.
  以上内容由济南假山制作公司整理发布,更多相关信息可以点击我们的官网进行咨询:http://www.jnlaowang.com
  The above content is organized and published by Jinan Rockery Manufacturing Company. More relevant information can be consulted by clicking on our official website: http://www.jnlaowang.com.
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