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小假山制作要注意什么?

  假山盆景其实是一种立体绘画,经过作者的艺术加工,进行了移天缩地的神奇手法。在小小的盆中,把自然的美通过山体、植物和饰品的组成形式再现出来,创造出源于自然但高于自然的艺术作品,这可以被描述为自然景观的缩影。那么我们要注意什么呢?
  Rockery bonsai is actually a kind of three-dimensional painting, after the author's artistic processing, carried out a magical way of moving heaven and earth. In a small pot, the beauty of nature is reproduced through the composition of mountains, plants and ornaments, creating works of art originating from nature but higher than nature, which can be described as a miniature of the natural landscape. So what should we pay attention to?
  盆景选择
  Bonsai selection
  盆景的选择是盆景制作的步,要选一个合适这种植物的盆,比如说有些植物不喜欢太多水就要选择透气排水的盆,至于其他的装饰物,可以根据当地的情况,使用有地区特色的东西。
  The choice of bonsai is the first step in bonsai production. We should choose a suitable basin for this kind of plant. For example, some plants do not like too much water, we should choose the basin of ventilation and drainage. For other decorations, we can use things with regional characteristics according to local conditions.
  盆景设计
  Bonsai design
  在制作假山盆景之前,必须弄清楚要做什么样的盆景,用什么植物,只有想清楚做什么,才能做出好作品。
  Before making bonsai in rockery, we must know what kind of bonsai to be made, what plants to be used, and what to do, in order to make a good work.
  盆景制作
  Bonsai production
  1、胶接山体:首先要调整水泥砂浆的比例,注意砂浆的使用与调整,还要注意浆料的稠度。
  1. Bonding mountain body: First of all, we should adjust the proportion of cement mortar, pay attention to the use and adjustment of mortar, and also pay attention to the consistency of mortar.
  2、石材加工,需要连接山体用锤子和凿子等工具加工处理出纹理和比较特殊的形状。
  2. Stone processing, need to connect the mountain with hammer and chisel and other tools to process texture and relatively special shape.
  3、黏结山体:在岩石两侧涂上水泥浆体,使岩石合为一体,注意,尽量不要在岩石粘合的地方看到裂缝的痕迹。也要注意清理多余的浆糊。
  3. Bonded mountain: Coating cement paste on both sides of rock to make the rock unite as a whole. Attention should be paid to avoid seeing cracks in the place where the rock binds. Also pay attention to cleaning up the excess paste.
济南假山制作
  盆景保养
  Bonsai maintenance
  1、假山盆景的生产好,需要存放一段时间才能正常的养护,特别要注意要保水养护两三天,山才会基本稳固。不然有倒塌的危险。
  1. The production of rockery bonsai is good, and it needs to be stored for a period of time to maintain it normally. Special attention should be paid to water conservation for two or three days before the mountain will be basically stable. Otherwise there is a danger of collapse.
  2、假山盆景中的植物幼小而娇嫩。因为土壤几乎没有蓄水,它们不能承受强烈的阳光,只能在适当的阳光下放置。同时,暴露在强烈的阳光下会使盆景上的装饰物损坏,让我们的辛勤劳动付之一切。因此,在平时,尤其在盛夏,必须加强遮荫,否则将导致生长不良,花木萎缩,土壤表面苔藓枯萎。
  2. The plants in rockery bonsai are young and delicate. Because the soil has almost no water storage, they can not withstand strong sunlight, can only be placed in the appropriate sunlight. At the same time, exposure to strong sunshine will damage the decorations on bonsai and make our hard work pay for everything. Therefore, in peacetime, especially in midsummer, it is necessary to strengthen shading, otherwise it will lead to poor growth, atrophy of flowers and trees, and withering of moss on the soil surface.
  3、假山盆景室外管理应防止大雨冲刷,浇水时不要太猛烈,否则会冲走盆泥,影响植物生长。当假山盆景供水时,好采用喷水或浸泡的方法,这有利于植物、花卉和植物、苔藓的生长,也可以冲洗掉岩石表面的灰尘,使整个山石保持绿色、生机勃勃。
  3. Outdoor management of bonsai in rockery should prevent heavy rain from scouring, and do not water too fiercely, otherwise it will wash away the basin mud and affect plant growth. When water is supplied to the bonsai of rockery, it is better to spray or immerse in water. This is conducive to the growth of plants, flowers, plants and mosses. It can also wash away the dust on the surface of rocks and keep the whole rocks green and vigorous.
  小假山盆景可以蓄水,有时还贴上亭子、浮桥、人物、动物等成分,还经常与树木或小植物搭配,通过艺术加工,使山水之美凝聚,再现在盆中。同时,假山是岩石盆景的主体,只有做好假山,才能形成完整的盆景。
  Small rockery bonsai can store water, sometimes with pavilions, pontoons, people, animals and other ingredients, but also often with trees or small plants, through artistic processing, so that the beauty of mountains and waters condensed, reproduced in the basin. At the same time, rocky bonsai is the main body of rocky bonsai. Only by doing a good job of rocky bonsai, can a complete bonsai be formed.
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