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假山制作的要点主要体现在哪里?

  在人工假山制作中,构思是非常重要的,人工假山制作必须要做到胸有成竹,下面小编为大家详细介绍假山制作的要点。
  In the production of artificial rockery, conception is very important. Artificial rockery production must have a thorough understanding. Here is a brief introduction of the main points of the production of artificial rockery.
  、构思设计 假山制作前。
  First, the design of rockery before production.
  制作哪一类,什么造型,都要确定好,否则就无从下手,根据构思,初步在纸上画出轮廓形状。注意:假山的高低、大小要与制作地高宽大小比例协调。
  Make which kind, what shape, we must determine, otherwise we can not start, according to the idea, initially draw the outline shape on the paper. Note: The height and size of the rockery should be in proportion to the height and width of the site.
  第二、粘合胶接假山
  Second, bonding and gluing rockery
  1.先要调好水泥浆,注意浆要随用随调,还要注意浆的稀稠度。为增加凝固时间,可在水泥中适量加入堵漏资料;对于石体上需附着造型石体,可用云石胶固定,胶体干后用水泥浆覆盖胶体,以协调整体色调。
  1. First of all, we should adjust the cement slurry, pay attention to the slurry should be adjusted as it is used, and also pay attention to the slurry's thinness and consistency. In order to increase the solidification time, leak stoppage data can be added to the cement in a proper amount; for the stone body which needs to be attached to the plastic stone body, it can be fixed with dolomite glue, and the colloid is covered with cement slurry after drying, so as to coordinate the overall tone.
  2.石材加工,把需要胶接的石头用锤、凿、锯等工具加工出纹理和比较奇特的形状来。为保证于上下石体相互支撑,对接触部位还需进行切割加工。
  2. Stone processing, using hammers, chisels, saws and other tools to produce textures and more peculiar shapes. In order to ensure that the upper and lower stones support each other, the contact parts need to be cut and processed.
  3.粘合山体,需要粘合的山石面用涂上水泥浆使山石吻合为一体,粘合时要注意,尽量使山石粘合处看不出断裂的痕迹,还要注意把粘合处多余的浆清除干净。
  3. To bond the mountain body, the surface of the mountain and stone that needs to be bonded should be coated with cement slurry to make the mountain and stone fit together. Attention should be paid when bonding, so that the broken marks can not be seen at the joint of the mountain and stone as far as possible, and the excess slurry at the joint should be cleaned up.
  所谓假山,其实不假,其气质甚至胜出真山。人说“风景如画”,意谓画之景可以取舍,胜于风景,其理一样。但若假山堆得不好,则不在其列。假山造型,轮廊线须有变化,变化中又须求得均衡。
  The so-called rockery, in fact, is true, and its temperament is even better than the real mountain. People say that "the scenery is picturesque", which means that the picturesque scenery is better than the scenery, and the reason is the same. But if the rockery is not well piled, it is not included. The shape of rockery must be changed and the balance must be found in the change.
  “山不在高,贵有层次,……”(陈从周《说园》)艺术中的层次之美,在于掩映,在于含蓄。堆山堆出有层次感,关键的是峰恋要有立体布局。产生前后掩映,似表现出“崇山峻岭”之感。后面的被前面的遮住有章法,则更能显示出山的嵯峨之气势,甚有力度。扬州个园之秋山,可谓黄石假山之上品。实而不闷,高峻而又奇险。若说具体手法,则更要重一个“虚”字;注意山形之凹凸变化及洞壑之大小搭配为上。
  "Mountains are not high, noble and hierarchical,..." (Chen Congzhou's Shuoyuan) The beauty of layers in art lies in concealment and implication. There is a sense of hierarchy in the heap of mountains, and the key is to have a three-dimensional layout for the love of the peak. It seems to show the feeling of "lofty mountains". The latter is covered by the front with rules, which can better show the magnificent momentum of the mountain, very powerful. The autumn hill in Yangzhou gardens is the top grade of Huangshi rockery. It is not dull, tall and dangerous. If we talk about specific techniques, we should emphasize the word "virtual". We should pay attention to the change of hill shape and the size of the cave.
济南假山制作
  其次是气质。
  Secondly, temperament.
  假山仿真山,仿得是气质,不是做真山的模型。要去其糟粕,取其精华。真山之美,一在巍峨雄健,二在险峻挺拔。假山虽小,但其姿态气质不亚于真山之雄伟和奇险。要做到险峻之势,有一个办法是其下部宜小不宜大,宜空透不宜闭实。堆山之不好看,其中一个原因就是山的下部太肥太闷,缺乏险峻之感。特别是立峰、单石、更须重视险峻之美。大凡名贵的单石、立峰,均具有险峻之美。江南三大名石:苏州的瑞云峰、上海(豫园)的玉玲珑、杭州的绉云峰,从造型来说不亚于“江南三大名石”,无论其轮廊线、虚实关系,都符合山石之沈美准则,但它更美在险峻。
  The imitation of rockery is temperament, not a model of real mountain. To get rid of its dregs and extract its essence. The beauty of the real mountain lies in its majesty and vigor, and in its steepness and uprightness. Although the rockery is small, its attitude and temperament are no less magnificent and dangerous than the real mountain. To achieve the steep situation, one way is that its lower part should be small rather than large, and should be air-permeable rather than solid. One of the reasons why the hills are so ugly is that the lower part of the hills is too fat and stuffy and lacks the sense of steepness. Especially for the peaks and single stones, we should pay more attention to the beauty of steepness. All precious single stones and peaks have precipitous beauty. The three famous stones in the south of the Yangtze River: Rui Yunfeng of Suzhou, the jade Linglong of Shanghai (Yu Garden), and Zhou Yunfeng of Hangzhou, are not inferior to "three famous stones in the south of the Yangtze River". They are all in line with the rules of mountain beauty, but they are more beautiful and steep.
  山之意境有不同的类别。人常言泰山以雄著称,黄山以奇著称,华山险,峨眉秀,庐山迷,审美特征不同。假山也同样分这些类型,所以须选一种审美倾向,然后刻意追求之。假山是一种艺术,其意境应当是山,而不要去做拟是而非的龙、虎之类。做成这种具象,不免俗气。
  The artistic conception of mountains has different categories. It is often said that Mount Tai is famous for its heroism, Mount Huangshan is famous for its peculiarity, Huashan is dangerous, Emeixiu is beautiful, and Mount Lushan fans have different aesthetic characteristics. Rockery can also be divided into these types, so it is necessary to choose an aesthetic tendency and pursue it deliberately. Rockery is an art. Its artistic conception should be mountain, not dragon or tiger. It is vulgar to make such a representation.
  以上是小编为大家介绍的关于假山制作需要掌握的要点,想要了解更多假山制作的内容欢迎关注本站,希望小编以上的总结对大家有所帮助。
  Above is the main points about the production of rockery introduced by Xiaobian. If you want to know more about the production of rockery, you are welcome to pay attention to this site. I hope the summary of Xiaobian will be helpful to you.
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