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园林假山的艺术成就!

  中国造园历史悠久,源远流长。作为其中重要部分的假山,也随着园林的发展而发展,形成一个独特而完善的园林体系,具有强烈的民族风格和地方特色,达到了较高的艺术成就。
  Chinese gardening has a long history. As an important part of it, rockery also develops with the development of gardens, forming a unique and perfect gardening system with strong national style and local characteristics, and achieving high artistic achievements.
  1、假山的造型  假山艺术是一种造型艺术,它靠形象的魅力去感染观者,在应用过程中假山的造型不断丰富、不断创新,出现了许多传统园林中所没有过的造型,如昆明世博园的山水景观,同时,现代科技工艺也应用于园林造景。如与喷雾技术结合来表现深山大壑般沐浴的山水。
  1. The plastic arts of rockery is a kind of plastic arts. It relies on the charm of the image to infect the viewers. In the process of application, the shapes of rockery are constantly enriched and innovated. There are many shapes that are not found in traditional gardens, such as the landscape of Kunming World Expo Garden. At the same time, modern technology and crafts should also be used in landscape design. Such as the combination of spray technology to show the mountains and mountains bathing landscape.
  2、假山的尺度  其服务对象和使用方式决定了园林空间的规模和特点。私家园林的规模一般较小,再假山建筑的分割和围和,假山所处的空间更加有限,即使是规模宏大的皇家园林,代表假山艺术成就的叠山石也仍处于相对狭小空间,欣赏假山的视距较短。因而传统假山的规模尺度小。现代城市公园拉开了现代园林发展的序幕。面向市民的城市公园通常用地规模较大,空间尺度大。虽然规模尺度小的假山在现代园林中应用也非常广泛,但是适应现代园林开敞特点,大尺度夸张造型的山石景观也出现在现代园林之中。
济南假山制作
  2. The scale of rockery, its service object and use mode determine the scale and characteristics of garden space. Private gardens are generally small in scale, and the partition and enclosure of rockery buildings make the space of rockery more limited. Even the Royal gardens, which represent the artistic achievements of rockery, are still in a relatively narrow space, and the distance to appreciate rockery is relatively short. Therefore, the scale of traditional rockery is small. Modern urban parks opened the prelude to the development of modern gardens. Citizen-oriented urban parks usually have large land use and large spatial scale. Although small-scale rockery is also widely used in modern gardens, it adapts to the open characteristics of modern gardens, and large-scale exaggerated rockery landscape also appears in modern gardens.
  3、假山的风格  假山的造型、尺度的变化也带来了假山风格的变化。简洁的造型,概括的轮廓、细致自然的纹理以及适宜的尺度与现代园林的风格更加协调。特别是现代园林置石,其简洁如抽象雕塑般的造型更能与现代风格的园林空间融为一体,在现代风格的探索中还出现了一种抽象山水。具有代表性的作品是美国波特兰市大会堂前广场的山水景观,这组山水景观使得这一现代城市开放空间独具魅力。
  3. The style of the rockery. The change of the shape and scale of the rockery also brought about the change of the style of the rockery. Simple shape, general outline, meticulous natural texture and appropriate scale are more in harmony with the style of modern gardens. Especially in modern gardens, the simple sculpture-like shape can be more integrated with the modern style of garden space. In the exploration of modern style, there is also an abstract landscape. The most representative works are the landscapes in the front square of the Great Hall of Portland, USA. These landscapes make the open space of this modern city charming.
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