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仿木花架在园林中的使用特点

仿木花架是攀援植物的棚架,又是人们消夏辟阴之所。仿木花架在造园设计中往往具有亭、廊的作用,做长线布置时,就象游廊一样能发挥建筑空间的脉络的作用,形成导游路线;也可以用来划分空间增加风景的深度。做点状布置时,就象亭子一般,形成观赏点,并可以在此组织对环境景色的观赏。仿木花架又不同于亭、廊空间更为通透,特别由于绿色植物及花果自由地攀绕和悬挂,更添一番生气。仿木花架在现代园林中除供植物攀援外,有时也取形式轻盈以点缀园林建筑的某些墙段和檐头,使之更加活泼和具有园林的性格。
Imitation wood flower rack is the scaffolding of climbing plants, and it is also the place where people turn summer into yin. The imitation wooden flower rack often plays the role of Pavilion and corridor in gardening design. When making long-line layout, it can play the role of architectural space as a corridor, forming a tour guide route; it can also be used to divide space and increase the depth of the landscape. When doing dot layout, it is like a pavilion, forming an ornamental point, and can organize the viewing of the environmental scenery here. Different from pavilions and corridors, wood-like flower racks are more transparent, especially because of the free climbing and hanging of green plants and flowers and fruits. In modern gardens, besides climbing plants, imitation wooden flower racks sometimes adopt lightweight forms to embellish some wall sections and eaves of gardening buildings, making them more lively and have the character of gardening.
仿木花架造型比较灵活和富于变化,常见的形式是梁架式,亦即为人所熟悉的葡萄架,这种花架是先立柱,再沿柱子排列的方向布置梁,在两排梁上垂直于柱列方向架设间距较小的枋,两端向外条出悬臂,如供藤本植物攀援时,在枋上还要布置更细的枝条以形成网络。
The shape of wood-like flower rack is flexible and changeable. The most common form is the girder type, that is, the familiar grape rack. This flower rack is to erect columns first, then arrange beams along the direction of the columns, erect small spacing loquats perpendicular to the direction of the columns on two rows of beams, and cantilever out at both ends, such as for climbing vines. At the same time, more branches should be arranged to form a network.
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仿木花架的另一种形式是半边列柱半边墙,上边叠架小枋,它在划分封闭或开敞的空间上更为自如,造园趣味类似半边廊,在墙上亦可以开设景窗使意境更为含蓄。
Another form of imitation wooden flower rack is half column and half side wall, overlapping small buns on the top. It is more comfortable in dividing closed or open space. Gardening interest is similar to half gallery. Scenic windows can also be opened on the wall to make the artistic conception more implicit.
此外新的形式还有单排柱花架或单柱式花架及圆形花架。单排柱的花架仍然保持廊的造园特征,它的组织空间和疏导人流方面,具有同样的作用,但在造型上却轻盈自由的多。单柱式的花架很象一座亭子,只不过顶盖是由攀援植物的液和蔓组成。圆形仿木花架,枋从中心向外放射,形式舒展新颖,别具风韵。
In addition, the new form includes single row flower rack or single column flower rack and circular flower rack. The single-row column frame still maintains the gardening characteristics of the corridor. It has the same function in organizing space and guiding the flow of people, but it is much lighter and more free in shape. The single column flower rack is much like a pavilion, but the top is composed of liquid and vines of climbing plants. The circular imitation wooden flower rack radiates from the center, and the form is new and unique.
各种花架形式处理重点是柱枋的造型,柱子构造主要采用钢筋混凝土预制,但砖柱、石柱也不失为一种质朴的性格,使花架保持一种自然美的格调。梁柱基本上已经很少采用木材,但在实际使用中,钢筋混凝土的梁枋在形式及断面大小上仍然保持木材的既有风格。许多花架对枋头的式样较为注意,早期使用木材多作扭曲纹样,现代钢筋混凝土枋头一般处理成逐渐收分,形成悬臂梁的典型式样。有点不作变化平直伸出也简介大方。此外更有采用钢筋混凝土网格式预制葡萄架(网格中距约为80厘米见方)的结构方法,施工时采用简易顶升法定位于柱子上,它具有构件截面小,在体态上亦较为窈窕。
All kinds of flower racks are mainly dealt with in the form of pillars. The pillars are mainly prefabricated with reinforced concrete, but brick and stone pillars are also a simple character, which makes the flower racks maintain a natural and beautiful style. Wood is seldom used in beams and columns, but in actual use, reinforced concrete beams still retain the existing style of wood in form and section size. Many flower racks pay more attention to the pattern of the loquat. In the early stage, wood was mostly used for twisting pattern. Modern reinforced concrete loquat was generally treated as gradual receipt, forming a typical pattern of cantilever beam. A little change, straight out, and a generous introduction. In addition, the structure method of reinforced concrete grid prefabricated grape trellis (the middle distance of the grid is about 80 cm square) is adopted. Simple lifting method is adopted to locate the grape on the column during construction. It has small cross-section of components and is fairly graceful in shape.
相信看了本文的济南假山制作http://www.jnlaowang.com介绍后,对这方面也会有自己的一番认识,以后针对的等问题也能很好的解决。
I believe that after reading the introduction of the Jinan rockery production http://www.jnlaowang.com, I will have my own understanding of this aspect, and other problems can be solved well in the future.
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