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浅析假山瀑布的制作方法

山水景观制作以精致、妙趣横生、逼真,整体协调统一为准绳,完美、富有创意为目的,合理地运用流水造势是假山造景工作中十分重要的一环,正所谓有山无水不成景。在景观设计的过程中,团队的设计师从瀑布的大小,流量,跌水的层次,与周围环境的融合等方面都充分考虑,使之完成的瀑布气韵生动,宛如自然天开。
Landscape production with exquisite, interesting, lifelike, overall harmony and unity as the criterion, perfect, creative as the goal, the rational use of flowing water is a very important part of the work of rockery landscaping, is the so-called landscape without landscape. In the process of landscape design, the team's designers take full account of the size of the waterfall, the flow, the level of fall, and the integration with the surrounding environment to make the waterfall vivid and natural.
一、假山瀑布的制作原则
1. The making principle of rockery waterfalls.
1、在假山瀑布的制作当中制作人员一定要充分的了解和使用好水的特性。通过不同形态的瀑布景观使得水花和周围的环境相结合,已达到水景相融,从而激发人们内心的情感,引起共鸣。
1, in the production of rockery waterfall, the production personnel must fully understand and use the characteristics of water. Through the different forms of waterfall landscape makes the spray and the surrounding environment combined, has reached the integration of water scenery, thus stimulating people's inner feelings, causing resonance.
2、塑石假山的造型,不管是假山瀑布,还是其他的园林景观,人们都是希望能把自然界的景观移到城市当中来。所以要注意模仿其自然形态,根据塑石假山的可塑性,创造丰富多彩的瀑布景观。
济南假山制作
2. The sculpture of rockery rockery, whether it is rockery waterfall, or other landscape, people are hoping to move the natural landscape to the city. Therefore, we should pay attention to imitating its natural form, according to the plasticity of the rockery, to create a rich and colorful waterfall landscape.
3、取其意是假山瀑布在所有水景中适合表达雄伟、刚劲有力的景观形态。根据假山瀑布自身的展现形态,可以表达不同的景观题材和意境。
3, the idea is that rockery waterfall is the most suitable for all magnificent waterscape. According to the appearance of the rockfall itself, different landscape themes and artistic conception can be expressed.
二、假山瀑布的制作要点
Two. The key points of rockery waterfall production
1、估计水量同一瀑布,如果瀑身的水量不同,就会营造出不同的气势。
1, the same amount of water is estimated. If the water volume of the waterfall is different, it will create different momentum.
2、堰口处理常用的堰口材料多为混凝土或大理石,这样的堰口在施工时很难做到平整光滑,容易造成瀑身水幕的不完整。因此现在也开始用青铜或不锈钢制作堰口,并适当增加堰顶蓄水池的水深,通过隔板尽量减少堰顶的水流。
2. Most of the commonly used materials for weir mouth treatment are concrete or marble. Such weir mouth is difficult to be smooth and smooth during construction, which is easy to cause incomplete waterfall curtain. Therefore, bronze or stainless steel is now used to make weirs, and appropriate increase in the depth of the reservoir at the top of the weir, through the baffle to minimize the flow of the weir top.
3、假山瀑布制作在园林水景塑造中,往往通过追求瀑身的变化,创造多姿多彩的水态。制作时应根据景观、题材要求,选择适宜的落水形式。
3. The rockery waterfall is made in the garden waterscape mold, often through the pursuit of waterfall body change, creates the colorful water form. According to the requirements of landscape and subject matter, we should choose suitable form of water fall.
4、天然瀑布的瀑身之下常有一个深潭。在人工瀑布制作时也要在瀑身下设一个受水池,且其宽度不小于瀑身高度的2/3。
4, there is often a deep pool under the falls of natural waterfalls. When making artificial waterfalls, there should also be a receiving pool under the waterfall body, and its width is not less than 2/3 of the height of the waterfall body.
5、照明为表现瀑布景观夜间的迷人效果,常利用色光灯来突出瀑身的动感和水花飞溅的绚丽多姿。
5. Lighting is used to show the charming effect of the waterfall landscape at night. Colored lights are often used to highlight the movement of the waterfall and the splendid splash of water.
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