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全面介绍园林工程的基本特点

园林工程实际上包含了一定的工程技术和艺术创造,是地形地物、石木花草、建筑小品、道路铺装等造园要素在特定地域内的艺术体现。因此,园林工程与其他工程相比具有其鲜明的特点。
Garden engineering actually contains certain engineering technology and artistic creation, and it is the artistic expression of landscape features, stone, wood, flowers, architectural sketches, road pavement and other garden elements in a specific region. Therefore, compared with other projects, landscape engineering has its distinct characteristics.
1、园林工程的艺术性
1, the art of landscape engineering
园林工程是一种综合景观工程,它虽然需要强大的技术支持,但又不同于一般的技术工程,而是一门艺术工程,涉及建筑艺术、雕塑艺术、造型艺术、语言艺术等多门艺术。
Landscape engineering is a kind of comprehensive landscape engineering. Although it needs strong technical support, it is different from general technical engineering. It is an art engineering, involving architectural art, sculpture art, plastic art, language art and other arts.
2、园林工程的技术性
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2, the technical nature of landscape engineering
园林工程是一门技术性很强的综合性工程,它涉及土建施工技术、园路铺装技术、苗木种植技术、假山叠造技术及装饰装修、油漆彩绘等诸多技术。
Garden engineering is a highly technical comprehensive project, which involves civil construction technology, garden road paving technology, seedling planting technology, rockery overlay technology, decoration and decoration, painting and many other technologies.
3、园林工程的综合性
3. The comprehensiveness of landscape engineering.
园林作为一门综合艺术,在进行园林产品的创作时,所要求的技术无疑是复杂的。随着园林工程日趋大型化,协同作业、多方配合的特点日益突出;同时,随着新材料、新技术、新工艺、新方法的广泛应用,园林各要素的施工更注重技术的综合性。
As a kind of comprehensive art, gardens are undoubtedly complicated in the creation of garden products. With the development of landscape engineering, the characteristics of collaborative operation and multi-party cooperation are becoming more and more prominent. At the same time, with the wide application of new materials, new technologies, new processes and new methods, the construction of landscape elements pays more attention to the comprehensive technology.
4、园林工程的时空性
4. The space-time nature of landscape engineering.
园林实际上是一种五维艺术,除了其空间特性,还有时间性以及造园人的思想情感。园林工程在不同的地域,空间性的表现形式迥异。园林工程的时间性,则主要体现于植物景观上,即常说的生物性。
Garden is actually a kind of five-dimensional art, in addition to its spatial characteristics, as well as timeliness and gardeners'thoughts and feelings. Landscape engineering in different regions, different forms of space. The timeliness of landscape engineering is mainly reflected in plant landscape, that is, the biological nature.
5、园林工程的安全性
5. Safety of landscape engineering
“安全,景观第二”是园林创作的基本原则。对园林景观建设中的景石假山、水景驳岸、供电防火、设备安装、大树移植、建筑结构、索道滑道等均需格外注意。
"Safety first, landscape second" is the basic principle of landscape architecture. Special attention should be paid to rockery rockery, waterscape revetment, power supply and fire protection, equipment installation, tree transplantation, building structure, ropeway slideway and so on.
6、园林工程的后续性
6. Follow up of landscape engineering
园林工程的后续性主要表现在两个方面:一是园林工程各施工要素有着极强的工序性;二是园林作品不是一朝一夕就可以完全体现景观设计终理念的,必须经过较长时间才能显示其设计效果,因此项目施工结束并不等于作品已经完成。
The follow-up of landscape engineering is mainly manifested in two aspects: first, each construction element of landscape engineering has a strong working procedure; second, landscape works can not fully reflect the ultimate concept of landscape design overnight, and must take a long time to show its design effect, so the end of the project construction is not equal to the work. Already completed.
7、园林工程的体验性
7. Experience of landscape engineering
提出园林工程的体验特点是时代要求,是欣赏主体———人的心理美感的要求,是现代园林工程以人为本直接的体现。人的体验是一种特有的心理活动,实质上是将人融于园林作品之中,通过自身的体验得到全面的心理感受。园林工程正是给人们提供这种心理感受的场所,这种审美追求对园林工作者提出了很高的要求,即要求园林工程中的各个要素都做到完美无缺。
It is pointed out that the experience characteristic of garden engineering is the requirement of the times, the requirement of the aesthetic feeling of human psychology, and the most direct embodiment of humanism in modern garden engineering. Human experience is a unique psychological activity, in essence, is to integrate people into garden works, through their own experience to get a comprehensive psychological feeling. Landscape engineering is the place that provides people with this kind of psychological feeling. This aesthetic pursuit puts forward a high requirement for landscape workers, that is, every element of landscape engineering should be perfect.
8、园林工程的生态性与可持续性
8. The ecology and sustainability of landscape engineering.
园林工程与景观生态环境密切相关。如果项目能按照生态环境学理论和要求进行设计和施工,保证建成后各种设计要素对环境不造成破坏,能反映一定的生态景观,体现出可持续发展的理念,就是比较好的项目。
Landscape engineering is closely related to landscape ecological environment. If the project can be designed and constructed in accordance with the theory and requirements of ecological environment, ensure that the various design elements do not cause damage to the environment, can reflect a certain ecological landscape, reflects the concept of sustainable development, is a better project.
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