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人工假山制作设计中植物的布置

借花木小到山脚下一块苍苔,大至山巅一棵苍天古松,山石要靠花木来映衬,花木也要山石来勾连。正如王维在《山水诀》中所言:“山籍树而为衣,树籍山而为骨”。假山设计不可缺少花木之“衣”,否则就会枯槁、秃露;花木亦不能离开湖石之 “骨”,否则就徒有其表,缺少骨骼、经脉。

Borrowing flowers and trees small to the foot of a moss, large to the top of a paleopine, mountains and rocks to rely on flowers and trees to set off, flowers and trees to link up with rocks. As Wang Wei said in the book of mountains and waters, "the mountains are made of trees, and the trees are the bones of the mountains." Rockery design indispensable flowers and trees "clothes", otherwise it will wither, bare; flowers and trees can not leave the Lake stone "bone", otherwise it has its surface, lack of bones, meridians.

(1)气韵相通意境合园林植物所具有的“意境美”特点,使之常常与太湖石石景相配搭,又以岁寒三友为常见。梅寒而秀,竹清而瘦,松贞而寿,石文而丑,它们气韵相通且意境相合,共同作用以烘托假山设计的主题气氛。梅的骨骼清瘦、独傲冰霜,使文人士大夫心生“高士之态”,这与太湖石的审美意趣相暗合。

(1) The artistic conception which has the same breath and rhyme and the "artistic conception beauty" characteristic of garden plants often matches with the stone scenery of Taihu Lake, and the most common one is the three friends of old age and cold. Mei Han and Xiu, bamboo clear and thin, loose and chaste and longevity, stone and ugly, they have the same charm and artistic conception, work together to foil the theme atmosphere of rockery design. Mei's thin skeleton, proud of the frost, so that the scholar-bureaucrats in mind "the state of a high scholar", which is in harmony with the aesthetic taste of Taihu stone.

济南假山制作

苏州狮子林西山旁便有暗香疏影楼,以附近数珠梅树结合湖石点景,疏影横斜,暗香浮动;竹也常常被比拟于君子,太湖石与竹两者相依,体现了“竹君子,石大人”的文化主题。画竹名家郑板桥甚至写道: “竹枝石块两相宜,群卉群芳尽弃之。”

In the west of Lion Forest in Suzhou, there are dark incense shadows and shadows buildings, with a few pearl and plum trees near the lake and rocks, sparse shadows, dark incense floating; bamboo is often compared to a gentleman, Taihu stone and bamboo are dependent on each other, reflecting the cultural theme of "bamboo gentleman, stone adults". Zheng Banqiao, a famous bamboo painter, even wrote: "bamboo sticks and stones are two suitable, and the group of flowers is deserted."

无论是山后成林的修竹,带来的清韵悠然,还是矮干密叶的箬竹,渲染的山林野趣。竹当仁不让地成为了假山设计的植物配置中,喜闻乐见的审美对象;至于迎寒的松,往往被比拟为君子,寄寓长青之意,与太湖石假山的配搭为常见。

Whether it is the bamboo cultivation after the mountains, bring a leisurely charm, or the low dry dense leaves of the bamboo, rendering the mountain forest wildlife. Bamboo has become the most popular aesthetic object in the plant configuration of rockery design; as for the winter pine, it is often compared to a gentleman, implying the meaning of evergreen, and Taihu rockery is the most common.

(2)调和色彩摹画意太湖石叠山方面,花木的配置以乔木为主,苍松、古柏重点突出,用深沉之色配搭湖石色彩,使山石在整体上有统一的色调。另外,山坳处植南天竹或以书带草,山前栽蜡梅,丛桂,山阴辅以修竹。虽然不同的园子风格各殊,植物与太湖石假山的配置大体是符合画理的,从幽雅清淡上着眼。终交枝成图,相映成趣,皆古画之粉本。

(2) Harmonic color portrayal of Taihu Lake stone overlay, the arrangement of flowers and trees to tree-based, Cangsong, Gubai key prominent, with deep color matching Lake stone color, so that the overall mountain stone has a unified tone. In addition, Tianzhu is planted in the mountain area, or it is cultivated with books and grass. Although different gardens have different styles, the arrangement of plants and rockery in Taihu Lake is generally in line with the painting principle, from the elegant and light point of view. Finally, the branches are made into pictures, and each of them is a powder.

假山设计中太湖石假山间以花木补白,可以使若干堆叠较生硬处与堆叠不周处得以藏拙,使全园的气息较为浑成。宋人郭熙说, “山以水为血脉,以草为毛发,以烟云为神采”,便是这个道理。

In the rockery design of Taihu Lake, flowers and trees are used to fill the white space between rockery rockery, which can hide some of the harder stacks and the inadequate stacks, and make the whole garden full of flavor. Guo Xi of the Song Dynasty said, "The mountains and rivers are the blood, the grass is the hair, and the smoke and clouds are the spirit." This is the truth.

(3)加强空间的塑造花木不仅可以结合太湖石共同限定空间,亦可作为背景或前景,丰富整体园景的层次。太湖石假山常因其高度不足且平缓,或过于玲珑多致且纤秀,而不能有效的发挥限定空间的作用。如艺圃南假山,则借树木补偿了山石的不足,从而起到了限定空间的作用。

(3) Strengthens the space the mold flower and tree not only may unify the Taihu Lake stone to limit the space jointly, may also take the background or the foreground, enriches the entire landscape stratification. The rockery of Taihu Lake is often too exquisite and delicate to play an effective role in limiting space because of its insufficient height and gentle, or too exquisite and delicate. Such as the south hill of Yi Pu, the trees compensate for the shortage of rock and stone, thus playing the role of limited space.

另外,由于园林植物所具有的色彩美和独特的枝条形态,使其成为优化太湖石石景的佳点缀。因此,太湖石假山常背依高达乔木,前面栽植低矮灌木,山石与花木共同作用烘托出山林之意。

In addition, because of the beautiful colors and unique branches of garden plants, it becomes the best ornament to optimize the Taihu Lake stone landscape. Therefore, the rockery in Taihu Lake is often backed by trees, planted in front of low shrubs, rocks and flowers and trees together to foil the meaning of mountain forests.

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