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庭院花园景观建设,你了解吗?

庭院花园的风格以及园所表达的精气神,主要的还是取决于业主对美的认知。庭院花园的格调与原主人的气质和修养是相通暗合的。 庭院有多种不同的风格,一部分取决于它的建筑风格,另一部分是根据业主的喜好确定其基本的样式。中国人的院子还是中式花园庭院漂亮。 融自然风景和中国的传统元素于庭院之中,给人清雅幽静之感。
The style of the garden and the spirit of the garden are mainly determined by the owner's perception of beauty. The style of courtyard garden is consistent with the original master's temperament and accomplishment. The courtyard has many different styles, depending partly on its architectural style, and partly on the owner's preferences to determine its basic style. Chinese courtyards are the most beautiful gardens in Chinese gardens. Blend the natural scenery and traditional Chinese elements in the courtyard, giving people a sense of elegance and seclusion.
一、院中植物的选择
1. Selection of plants in hospital
庭院花园中影响植物健康生长的因素无非排水、光照、通风、土质。其中光照充足与否是决定可栽培哪些苗木的重要条件。一般来说,照条件 好、朝南的地方适宜苗木的生长。设计一个院子之前,要弄清别墅庭院的地理条件,方位,土壤,气候等。在此基础上选择适宜这些环境的植物种类。
济南假山制作
The factors that affect the healthy growth of plants in garden gardens are drainage, illumination, ventilation and soil quality. Whether sufficient light is enough is an important condition for deciding which seedlings to plant. Generally speaking, it is suitable for the growth of seedlings if the condition is good and the south facing. Before designing a yard, we should know the geographical conditions, orientation, soil and climate of the villa courtyard. On this basis, plant species suitable for these environments are selected.
庭院花园中植物的色彩设计一个技巧是根据建筑色彩与周围环境确定庭院的主色调。其中观叶植物所占的比例高。花园中的植物绿色所占比例高,其他另栽具有橙色、红色及紫色叶的彩叶植物,可形成强烈的对比,增加色调的明快感。此外还可考虑还有叶形的变化、质感的差异等。
One of the techniques used in the color design of plants in a garden is to determine the main color of the garden according to the architectural color and the surrounding environment. Foliage plants accounted for the highest proportion. The highest proportion of green plants in the garden, other plants with orange, red and purple leaves planted with colored plants, can form a strong contrast, increase the brightness of the tone. In addition, leaf shape changes and texture differences can also be considered.
2、家庭成员的需要
2, the needs of family members
临沂庭院花园的主要的功能性,便是满足家庭成员不同的需求性。要根据园主人的生活方式、生活作息来设计一个院子;有孩子家庭的花园庭院则应有一块草坪,供儿童嬉戏。并可做一个小型的沙坑。对于工作比较繁忙的业主,就要设计一些好养护的苗木,不需要耗费园主人的个人经历。而对于喜欢摆弄花花草草的主人,就可以丰富一下院中的植物种类。总之,庭院花园景观样式及所栽培植物种类应根据家庭人员组成与年龄结构有所选择。
The most important function of courtyard gardens in Linyi is to satisfy the different needs of family members. A yard should be designed according to the life style and routine of the owner of the garden, while a garden yard with children should have a lawn for children to play in. And can make a small bunker. For busy owners, it is necessary to design some well-maintained seedlings, without the personal experience of the owners of the park. And for those who like to fiddle with flowers and plants, they can enrich plant species in the lower courtyard. In a word, the landscape style and plant species of garden should be selected according to the composition and age structure of family members.
3、庭院面积大小的影响
3, the impact of the courtyard area size
面积较大的宅院可以加入到设计感就越多搭配方式也可复杂一些,但必须要有一致性,避免相互冲突。而狭小的宅院花园可用面积有限,因此须有周密的配置计划,所栽植的植物种类应少一些。 而庭院不论大小,道路的铺装是必不可少的,一般的庭院小径可用天然石材或者各色地砖、黑白相间的鹅卵石铺就。 庭院的布局非常关键。崇尚简洁的可以在庭院中种些花草,或者是做成一个绿色植物的苗圃。而如果希望取得更加理想的景观效果,许多人会请的设计师来设计和制作花园庭院,作出独具特色的庭院花园景观设计风格。如用曲折小道配合高大树木让人产生“庭院深深”的感觉;而用曲形拱门、雕花栏杆、立柱涡卷配合精心修剪的矮丛植物,则活脱脱一个欧陆风情的再现。
Large residential areas can be added to the sense of design more collocation can also be a little more complex, but there must be consistency, to avoid conflicting. However, the available area of the narrow garden is limited, so there must be a well-planned configuration, planting less plant species. And no matter the size of the courtyard, the pavement of the road is indispensable, the general courtyard path can be paved with natural stone or colorful floor tiles, black and white pebbles. The layout of the courtyard is very critical. Simple brevity can grow flowers in the courtyard, or make a green plant nursery. And if you want to achieve better landscape effect, many people will ask professional designers to design and produce garden courtyard, make a unique garden landscape design style. If you use winding paths with tall trees to create a "deep courtyard" feeling; and with curved arches, carved railings, column scrolls with carefully pruned Bush plants, will be free from a European style of reproduction.
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