承接项目
新闻中心

济南假山制作浅析假山鱼池的制作知识要点

假山鱼池是园林组景不可缺少的手段之一,甚至有的在园林组景中成为组景的中心,既起点缀作用,也能增添园林生气。
Rockery fish pond is one of the indispensable means of gardens, and some even become the center of gardens. It not only plays an ornamental role, but also adds vitality to gardens.
假山工程网,专注假山知识的共享,并提供假山设计、施工等一条龙服务。假山工程网有的设计和施工队伍,有十年的假山设计施工经验,在假山工程领域赢得良好的信誉。
Rockery engineering network, focus on sharing knowledge of rockery, and provide one-stop services such as rockery design, construction and so on. The rockery engineering network has a professional design and construction team, with 10 years of rockery design and construction experience, in the field of rockery engineering to win a good reputation.
庭院景观中的假山鱼池随地形、位置、环境的不同,是多种多样的。有单个的鱼池,也有组合的鱼池,可以是大面积的鱼池,也可以是狭长形的鱼池,有的将鱼池与休息座椅结合起来,也有的把鱼池与栏杆踏步等组合在一起,以便争取更多的绿化面积创造舒适的环境。在东方特别是在我国传统园林中,多以自然山水布局为主得真石假山、塑石假山讲究诗情画意。
The rockery fish pond in the courtyard landscape is varied with different terrain, location and environment. There are individual fish ponds, but also a combination of fish ponds, can be a large area of fish ponds, can also be a narrow and long fish ponds, some fish ponds and rest seats combined, some fish ponds and railings step together, in order to strive for more green areas to create a comfortable environment. In the East, especially in our traditional gardens, the natural landscape is the main layout of rockery, stone-sculptured rockery is poetic and picturesque.
庭院景观假山鱼池制作流程大体可以分为六步,分别是根据风水设计(确定方位)、选择假山石材、假造假山鱼池、假山粘接方法、安装净水系统和循环系统、假山植物种植。只要按照此方法操作,建一座属于自己的庭院景观假山鱼池指日可待。
The production process of the rockery fish pond in the courtyard landscape can be roughly divided into six steps, which are the selection of rockery materials, the selection of rockery stone materials, the bonding method of rockery, the installation of water purification system and circulation system, and the planting of rockery plants. As long as we operate according to this method, it is just around the corner to build our own courtyard landscape rockery fish pond.
一、根据风水设计
According to Fengshui design
庭院景观假山鱼池应该根据风水知识设计,确定假山的摆放位置,庭院景观假山佳摆放方位是:西方位、西北方位、北方位、东北方位、西北方位。
According to the knowledge of geomantic omen, the location of the rockery should be determined. The best location of the rockery is west, northwest, north, northeast and northwest.
二、选择假山石材
Two, choose rockery stone
庭院景观假山鱼池常用假山石材有:太湖石、黄蜡石、千层石、龟纹石、英德石、吸水石等,可以根据所在地选择当地盛产的假山石材,如广东地区一般会选择黄蜡石、英德石,浙江、江苏、安徽地区多会选择千层石、太湖石、龟纹石等。
Landscape rockery rockery fish pond commonly used rockery: Taihu stone, yellow wax stone, millennial stone, turtle grain stone, Yingde stone, absorbent stone, etc., can be selected according to the location of the rockery rich in the local, such as Guangdong area will generally choose yellow wax stone, Yingde stone, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui area will choose more millennial stone, Taihu stone. And moire stone.
三、建造假山鱼池
Three. Build a rockery fish pond.
1、按施工图纸放线开挖:控制好鱼池的型状,要比做的鱼池实际要大,预留回填土的空间。
1. Digging according to the construction drawing: Controlling the shape of the fish pond is bigger than the fish pond, and reserving the space of backfill.
2、底部扎钢筋:在扎钢筋的同时把鱼池底管一起布置。
2, the bottom bar reinforcement: in the reinforcement bar at the same time, the fish pool bottom pipe layout.
3、底部布管道:
3. Bottom cloth Piping:
4、倒混泥土:钢筋扎好后倒底部混泥土。
4, inverted concrete: after the reinforcement is reinforced, pour the bottom concrete.
5、砌围边:用红砖把鱼池周围砌一圈,把鱼池的形状围出来。
5, build the edge: build a circle around the fish pond with red brick, and enclose the shape of the fish pond.
6、扎围边钢筋同时布面水管出水管:沿着鱼池的边,把边上的钢筋一起扎起来,在扎边上的钢筋时,把出水管、排水管一起布置。
济南假山制作
6. Put the steel bars around the edge and distribute the outlet pipe of the water pipe at the same time: Put the steel bars together along the edge of the fish pond, and arrange the outlet pipe and the drain pipe together when the steel bars on the edge are tied.
7、建模:钢筋扎完以后,采用木板沿着池壁建模。
7. Modeling: after the steel bar is finished, the wood panel is modeled along the pool wall.
8、浇注池壁:建模完成以后,往里面浇灌混泥土。
8. Casting pool wall: after modeling, pour concrete into it.
9、倒出池胚,磨平池壁
9, pour out the pool embryo and smooth the wall.
四、假山制作方法
Four. Method of making rockery
假山工程网,专注假山知识的共享,并提供假山设计、施工等一条龙服务。假山工程网有的设计和施工队伍,有十年的假山设计施工经验,在假山工程领域赢得良好的信誉。
Rockery engineering network, focus on sharing knowledge of rockery, and provide one-stop services such as rockery design, construction and so on. The rockery engineering network has a professional design and construction team, with 10 years of rockery design and construction experience, in the field of rockery engineering to win a good reputation.
根据事先制作的假山模型,经过构思选用适当的树、石、山、草等素材,进行排列组合来完成这一立意。假山制作的基本操作流程,其实就是粘接。
According to the pre-made rockery model, after the idea of selecting the appropriate tree, stone, mountain, grass and other materials, arranged and combined to complete this idea. The basic operation process of rockery is actually bonding.
粘接山石的胶合剂有水泥(灰、白两种)、环氧树脂、307号-1不饱和聚脂树脂。从廉价、使用方便考虑,假山工程胶接多采用水泥,水泥的标号越高越好。
There are cement (ash and white), epoxy resin and 307-1 unsaturated polyester resin to bond mountain stone. From the perspective of cheap and convenient use, the cement used in rockery engineering is mostly cement, and the higher the grade of cement is, the better.
1、先要调好水泥浆,注意浆要随用随调,还要注意浆的稀稠度。为增加凝固时间,可在水泥中适量加入堵漏材料;对于石体上需附着造型石体,可用云石胶固定,在胶体干后用水泥浆覆盖胶体,以协调整体色调。
1, first of all, we must adjust the cement slurry, pay attention to the slurry should be used along with the adjustment, but also pay attention to the slurry consistency. In order to increase solidification time, appropriate amount of plugging material can be added to cement; for the stone body which needs to be attached to the model stone body, it can be fixed with marble glue, and after the gel dries, it can be covered with cement slurry to coordinate the overall tone.
2、石材加工,把需要胶接的石头用锤、凿、锯等工具加工出纹理和比较奇特的形状来。为保证于上下石体相互支撑,对接触部位还需进行切割加工。
2. Stone processing, the need to bond the stone with hammer, chisel, saw and other tools to process texture and relatively strange shape. In order to ensure mutual support between the upper and lower stones, the contact parts need to be machined.
3、粘合山体,在需要粘合的山石面用涂上水泥浆使山石吻合为一体,粘合时要注意,对于比较大、重、粘不稳的石材,不要用小木棍支撑好(如下图),再粘接,待水泥浆完全干好以后,再把木棍撤去。尽量使山石粘合处看不出断裂的痕迹,还要注意把粘合处多余的浆清除干净。
3. Adhesion of the mountain, in the need to bond the mountain and stone surface with cement slurry to make the mountain and stone into one, bonding should pay attention to, for relatively large, heavy, sticky unstable stone, do not use a small stick to support good (as shown below), and then bond, until the cement slurry completely dry, then remove the stick. As far as possible so that the mountain stone bond can not see the marks of breakage, but also pay attention to the bonding of excess pulp clean.
为了接近天然,胶结泥未干时可在接缝处涂撒本石料的石屑。胶合后,先用其它的支撑物给予辅助。化胶在24小时可凝固硬结,水泥夏季半天、冬季1-2天后可搬动。水泥胶合后的3-4小时,可用小刀锯条轻轻刮掉多余或污染石身的水泥,并在接缝处拉出与石料同样的纹理来。
In order to get close to nature, when the cemented mud is not dry, stone chips of stone bearing material can be applied to the joints. After gluing, other supports are used to assist. Gelatine can be hardened in 24 hours, and cement can be moved in half a day and 1-2 days in winter. Three to four hours after cementing, the excess or contaminated cement can be gently scraped off with a knife saw blade and the same texture as the stone can be pulled out at the joint.
五、安装净水系统和循环系统
Five. Install water purification system and circulation system.
喷水池、小瀑布的回水方式大都采用自循环式。即采用一个水泵,从池内吸水,并将水供至瀑布的源头处,瀑布水再回落至水池内,周而复始地循环。如果池内水变少时,可打开补水阀门,将新鲜自来水加入池内。
The backwater of fountain and cascade is mostly self circulation. That is to say, a pump is used to absorb water from the pool, and the water is supplied to the source of the waterfall, and then the water falls back to the pool, circulating again and again. If there is less water in the pool, the valve can be opened and the fresh tap water will be added into the tank.
六、假山植物种植
Six. Rockery plant cultivation
庭院景观假山上浮土一般较少,适合种植较耐干旱的植物,松竹比较适合,侧面石头缝隙可以种一些耐贫瘠土质有根状茎或肉质根的花卉,推荐吊兰(观叶)、百合(花)。
Landscape rockery generally less floating soil, suitable for planting more drought-tolerant plants, pine bamboo more suitable, side stone crevices can be planted in some barren soil with rhizomes or fleshy roots of flowers, recommended Celosia glauca (ornamental leaves), lilies (flowers).
溪流一旁适宜种植一些阔叶观叶花卉,龟背竹、春芋之类的就可以,如果有静水,菖蒲、睡莲是少不了的,瀑布下面可以种植蕨类等喜阴植物,整体布置完毕以后可以很少的点缀一些色彩艳丽或清雅的花卉,(不宜太多)这就根据个人爱好选择了。
Stream side suitable for planting some broadleaf ornamental flowers, turtle back bamboo, spring taro and so on, if there is still water, calamus, water lily is indispensable, under the waterfall can be planted ferns and other shade-loving plants, after the overall layout can be less ornamented with some colorful or elegant flowers, (not too much) Choose according to your hobbies.
在我国现代园林建筑实践中,鱼池的处理手法,在吸取我国古典手法和西洋手法的基础上有较大的创造和发展。例如结合平面布置,利用对景位置设置平台;或在屋顶辟半方小孔,透进阳光雨露,种植花木。有时也把鱼池与主要观赏点结合起来,将花木山石构成一个大盆景。有的节结合竖向构图,把鱼池作成与各种隔断、格架或墙面结合的高低错落的花斗。这种由南方传统园林壁上花插脱胎出来的壁面花斗形式,在现代南方园林建筑小品中大量采用,使假山鱼池得以有机地和建筑装修结合起来。在构图上形成富有趣味性的景点。本文内容是由济南假山制作厂家提供,想要了解更多内容可以关注我们的网站:http://www.jnlaowang.com,在网站中有更多精彩内容的将诶撒谎哦,希望能为你提供帮助!
In the practice of modern garden architecture in our country, the handling method of fish pond has great creation and development on the basis of absorbing Chinese classical and Western techniques. For example, in combination with the layout, the use of the location of the scenery to set up a platform; or in the roof to cut a half-square hole, through the sun and rain, planting flowers and trees. Sometimes the fish pond is combined with the main ornamental points to form a large bonsai. Some sections, combined with vertical composition, make the fish pond into a high-low staggered bucket with various partitions, grilles or walls. This form of wall flower bucket, which is derived from flower arrangement on the wall of traditional southern gardens, is widely used in modern southern garden architecture sketches, so that the rockery fish pond can be organically combined with architectural decoration. Form interesting scenic spots on the composition. This article is provided by Jinan rockery manufacturer. If you want to know more, you can pay close attention to our website: http://www.jnlaowang.com, where there are more wonderful content will lie oh, hope to help you!
.

版权所有:济南老王假山水景园林

咨询热线:
13064079165
在线客服