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人造石假山的设计和施工,你了解吗?

近年来,人们开始关注环境问题,提倡建设生态住宅、生态街区、生态城市。如今,住宅小区也兴建了各种瀑布、石山、岩洞等,像主景石,有镜石、分流石等,都能起到画龙点睛的作用,很多实例证明,人造石无论是从设计、价格、运输、施工方面都很经济实用,如果要把人造石假山做得美仑美奂,那人造石假山设计与施工是关键的。
In recent years, people began to pay attention to environmental issues, advocating the construction of ecological housing, ecological blocks, ecological cities. Nowadays, many kinds of waterfalls, Rocky Mountains and caves have been built in residential districts, such as main landscapes, mirror stones and distributary stones. Many examples show that man-made stones are economical and practical in design, price, transportation and construction. If man-made rocky rockery is to be magnificent, The design and construction of artificial rockery is the most important.
1、人造石假山岩板
1, artificial rockery rockery plate
市面上的人造石假山看起来巨大而坚实,但其实却是外实内空。在假山岩板塑造过程中,施工人员按设计师所假想的立体造型,人造石假山是由一块块预制的岩板组合而成的。这样岩板就像是蛋壳一样,岩板表面无论是纹理、质感、触感都同真的山石相同,是由GRC及其它综合材料制成的。
The man-made rockery on the market looks huge and solid, but it is actually outside the solid interior. In the process of shaping rockery slab, the builders assume that the three-dimensional shape of the designer, artificial rockery is composed of a prefabricated rock slab combination. In this way, the slab is like an eggshell. The texture, texture and touch of the surface of the slab are the same as the real rock. It is made of GRC and other composite materials.
2、施工流程
2. Construction process
施工流程:翻模—预铸—组合—表面处理:前面两项是人造石假山制作岩板的过程,而后面两项是组合成假山的过程,由景点现场制作完成。
Construction process: turning mold - Precast - combination - surface treatment: the first two are the process of making rock plate artificial rockery, and the latter two are the process of combining rockery, completed by the site production of scenic spots.
2.1翻模
2.1 flip mode
设计师们按照设计构想,选择符合要求的真山石,或者是用石膏等轻质材料来进行艺术加工。翻模的时候,我们要对雏型进行清理,然后涂上脱离油,然后用制模橡胶一遍遍涂上,待固化后取下,便制成了每块0、8~1m 的橡胶岩阴模。
Designers in accordance with the design concept, choose to meet the requirements of the real mountain stone, or with plaster and other light materials for artistic processing. When turning the mold, we should clean up the prototype, then coat it with oil, and then apply it again and again with the mold rubber. When it is taken off after curing, it is made into 0, 8 ~ 1m rubber rock negative mold.
2.2 预铸
2.2 pre casting
接着在岩板模的正面涂上脱离油,然后将GRC材料加石质颗粒喷在岩板模上,然后,再用GRC和纤维丝混合材料喷涂(期间放好预埋钢筋挂钩),均厚20mm。约一天后脱模,脱模后的岩板放在室外(5 30% )温水养护2~3天,坚硬的岩板就这样制成了。
Then spray the GRC material and stone particles on the front of the slab mold, and then spray the GRC and fiber mixture (during which the pre-embedded steel bar hooks are placed) with a thickness of 20 mm. About a day later, the rock plate after demoulding is kept in the outdoor (5.30%) warm water for 2-3 days, and the hard rock plate is thus made.
济南假山制作
2.3 组合
2.3 combinations
根据艺术设计人员的现场指导及设计图纸,每块岩板按其不同大小、纹理、质感和凹凸形状在角铁的支撑下进行合理组合,形成假山躯体。这里,就一片岩板安装在竖墙、平顶为实例介绍如下:
According to the on-site guidance and design drawings of artists and designers, each rock plate is reasonably combined with different sizes, textures, textures and concave-convex shapes supported by angle iron to form a rockery body. Here, a rock slab installed on the vertical wall and flat top is introduced as an example.
首先在墙体上排出“#”字形角铁骨架,其次将角铁同岩板反面的预埋钢筋挂钩并与“#”字形角铁骨架焊接,进行成批岩板大面积安装,使之形成了互为联系的山体胚。后进行外接,也就是将岩板与岩板之间的漏空、高低、纹理不顺之处进行手工补接。先用钢筋与支架角铁或岩板挂钩焊接,再用铝网或不锈钢网绑扎在钢筋网上,后再用手工将GRC混合材料涂上,塑造出整体统一的自然石纹。
Firstly, the zigzag angle iron skeleton is discharged from the wall. Secondly, the angle iron is hooked with the embedded reinforcing bar on the reverse side of the rock plate and welded with the zigzag angle iron skeleton. The large-scale installation of the rock plate in batches is carried out to form the interrelated mountain embryo. Finally, the external connection, that is, the leak between the rock plate and the rock plate, high and low, texture is not smooth place for manual repair. Firstly, the steel bar is hooked to the angle iron or rock plate of the support, then the aluminum mesh or stainless steel mesh is tied to the steel bar mesh. Finally, the GRC mixture is painted by hand to create a unified natural stone pattern.
2.4 表面处理
2.4 surface treatment
人造假山大面制成后,还要根据整体效果进行调整,其局部、细部可用无机颜料加胶水进行表面做色。裂纹处、凹陷处色彩重些,有时还可加些清苔、水迹等,以此增强其实景感,后,用无色保护材料或无色防水材料喷面。
After the artificial artificial rockery surface is made, it must be adjusted according to the overall effect. Inorganic pigments and glue can be used to color the local and detailed parts of the artificial rockery surface. Cracks and depressions are heavier in color, and sometimes some moss and water can be added to enhance the scene. Finally, colorless protective materials or colorless waterproof materials are used to spray the surface.
以上就是关于人造石假山的设计和施工的介绍,想要了解更多可以关注我们的网站:http://www.jnlaowang.com,在网站中有更多精彩内容的介绍!
Above is about the design and construction of artificial rockery rockery, want to know more can pay attention to our website:http://www.jnlaowang.com, there are more wonderful content in the website!
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